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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2012, vol. 69, br. 10, str. 833-839
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.2298/VSP1210833P


Prevalencija prekomerne telesne mase i gojaznosti kod odrasle seoske populacije Bačke i Banata
aUniverzitet u Novom Sadu, Prirodno-matematički fakultet, Departman za biologiju i ekologiju
bInstitut za plućne bolesti, Sremska Kamenica

e-adresa: tatjana.pavlica@dbe.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Uvod/Cilj. Gojaznost danas predstavlja čest hronični zdravstveni problem razvijenih zemalja. Povezana je sa kardiovaskularnim bolestima, dijabetesom i mnogim oblicima malignih bolesti. Cilj rada bio je da se utvrdi prevalencija prekomerne telesne mase i gojaznosti kod odrasle populacije Bačke i Banata. Metode. Na osnovu višeetapnog stratifikovanog uzorka, metodom slučajnog uzorka odabrane su 4 504 odrasle osobe prosečne starosti 40,61 ± 11,29 godina. Ispitivanje je urađeno u 46 ruralnih naselja. Prevalencija prekomerne telesne mase i gojaznosti izračunata je na osnovu antropometrijskih pokazatelja: indeksa telesne mase (body mass index - BMI), obima struka (waist circumference - WC) i odnosa između obima struka i obima kukova (waist to hip ratio - WHR). Korelacija između BMI, WC i WHR utvrđena je Pirsonovim koeficijentom korelacije, a multiplom regresionom analizom utvrđena je povezanost sociodemografskih parametara i pokazatelja gojaznosti. Rezultati. Utvrđena je statistički značajna pozitivna korelacija za sve antropometrijske parametre kod oba pola. Podaci pokazuju da 66,32% muškaraca i 49,68% žena ima problem povećane uhranjenosti. U proseku, kod oba pola, 38,52% ima prekomernu telesnu masu dok je gojaznih 19,48%. Faktori koji su najviše uticali na povećane vrednosti BMI, WC i WHR bili su kod muškaraca starost, a kod žena starost, obrazovanje i poreklo. Obrazovanje žena bilo je u negativnoj korelaciji sa stepenom uhranjenosti. Zaključak. Prevalencije prekomerno uhranjenih i gojaznih osoba koje su dobijene na osnovu antropometrijskih parametara razlikuju se. Međutim, bez obzira na primenjenu metodu prevalencija osoba povećane uhranjenosti veoma je visoka i jedna je od najviših u Evropi. Rezultati ukazuju na potrebu za obukom stanovništva i redovnom kontrolom njihovog zdravstvenog stanja.

Ključne reči

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