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Facta universitatis - series: Physical Education and Sport
2012, vol. 10, br. 3, str. 257-266
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 22/03/2013
Uticaj proprioceptivnog treninga na sposobnost održavanja ravnoteže među sportskim plesačima
aUniverzitet u Banjoj Luci, Fakultet fizičkog vaspitanja i sporta, Republika Srpska, BiH
bFaculty of Sports, Ljubljana, Slovenia
cUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
dUniverzitet u Nišu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja

e-adresa: adri.lukic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Cilj ovog istraživanja bio je da se odredi uticaj proprioceptivnog treninga na poboljšanje sposobnosti održavanja ravnoteže na primeru sportskih plesača. Proprioceptivni trening se realizuje kroz zadatke u koje spadaju uspostavljanje i održavanje različitih poza na spravama za održavanje ravnoteže raznih dimenzija, radnim površinama, uz razne veličine kostiju kičme. U ovom istraživanju učestvovalo je 38 sportskih plesača, muškaraca i žena, podeljenih u eksperimentalnu i kontrolnu grupu. Eksperimentalna grupa je imala proprioceptivni trening tokom perioda od 12 nedelja (3 x 30 minuta svake nedelje). Kontrolna grupa (u isto vreme kao i eksperimentalna) je imala redovni trening sportskog plesa. Na početku i kraju eksperimenta, sposobnosti održavanja ravnoteže su merene upotrebom 7 različitih testova održavanja ravnoteže: ravnoteža na jednoj nozi, ravnoteža na dve noge, održavanje ravnoteže sa zatvorenim i otvorenim očima. Osnovni deskriptivni parametri su izračunati za sve rezultate. Posledice primenjenog proprioceptivnog modela su određeni upotrebom multivarijantne (MANCOVA) i univarijantne (ANCOVA) analize kovarijanse. Statistički značajne razlike između grupa na poslednjem merenju (p=.00) ukazuju na pozitivni efekat primenjenog proprioceptivnog treninga na razvoj sposobnosti održavanja ravnoteže kod eksperimentalne grupe, na svim testovima. Samim tim, upotreba proprioceptivnog modela treninga, kao inovativni pristup individualnom i grupnom fitnes plesnom treningu, se preporučuje.

Ključne reči

proprioceptivni trening; balans; sportski ples

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