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2011, vol. 48, br. 2, str. 305-312
Rizobakterije koje promovišu biljni rast (PGPR)i njihov efekat na kukuruz
Naučni institut za ratarstvo i povrtarstvo, Novi Sad

e-adresanastasija.mrkovacki@ifvcns.ns.ac.rs
Ključne reči: Azotobacter; Azospirillum; biođubrivo; kukuruz; PGPR; rizobakterije
Sažetak
Bakterije koje žive slobodno u zemljištu a pozitivno utiču na rast biljaka najčešće se karakterišu kao bakterije koje pospešuju biljni rast - PGPR (Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria) a sposobne su da to čine time što koloniziraju koren biljaka. Primena PGPR za povećanje prinosa limitirana je varijabilnošću između rezultata dobijenih u laboratoriji, u staklari i u polju. Niz rizobakterija koje pospešuju biljni rast (PGPR) učestvuje u interakcijama sa biljkama (pirinač, pšenica, kukuruz, šećerna trska, šećerna repa, pamuk) i značajno povećava njihov vegetativni rast i prinos. U PGPR pored Azotobacter- a i Azospirillum-a svrstavaju se i Acetobacter, Azoarcus, te nekoliko vrsta Enterobacteriaceae (Klebsiella, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Pseudomonas). PGPR predstavljaju alternativu upotrebi hemijskih sredstava za poboljšanje rasta biljaka.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov1102305M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 16.08.2011.