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2015, vol. 52, iss. 1, pp. 1-6
Microbial abundance in rhizosphere of medicinal and aromatic plant species in conventional and organic growing systems
Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad
Improvement of Maize and Sorghum Production Under Stress Conditions (MESTD - 31073)
Pharmacologically active substances and products of medicinal/aromatic plants for pharmaceutical use (MESTD - 31013)

Keywords: basil; dill; marigold; microbial abundance; microorganisms; mint; organic agriculture; rhizosphere
This study was aimed at comparing the abundance of microorganisms in the rhizosphere of four different medicinal and aromatic plant species (basil, mint, dill and marigold) grown under both conventional and organic management on the chernozem soil at the experimental field of Bački Petrovac (Institute of Field and Vegetable Crops, Novi Sad, Serbia). Two sampling terms (June 1 and July 18, 2012) were performed to collect samples for microbiological analyses. The microbial abundance was higher in organic than in conventional system while at the same time significant differences were obtained only with dill rhizosphere. The differences in number of microorganisms belonging to different groups relied upon both plant species and sampling term. Thus, in mint, the recorded number of azotobacters and fungi was significantly higher whereas the number of ammonifiers was significantly lower. The present results indicate that organic growing system affected the abundance of microorganisms in rhizosphere of species investigated, especially in the second term of sampling.
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article language: English
document type: Original Scientific Paper
DOI: 10.5937/ratpov51-7177
published in SCIndeks: 03/04/2015
peer review method: double-blind