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2020, vol. 15, br. 2, str. 205-220
Fiskalni menadžment i politički budžetski ciklusi u tranzicionim ekonomijama - analiza panel podataka
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Ekonomski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Ekonomski fakultet

e-adresaddespotovic@kg.ac.rs
Ključne reči: politički budžetski ciklusi; fiskalna politika; izborni proces; tranzicione ekonomije
Sažetak
U radu se, na bazi relevantnih statističkih testova, analizira uticaj izbornog procesa na trajektoriju fiskalnih pokazatelja u tranzicionim zemljama. Cilj istraživanja je da identifikuje političku manipulaciju pojedinih mehanizama fiskalne politike u tranzicionim zemljama. Fokus analize je na rastu javne potrošnje, smanjenju javnih prihoda i stvaranju deficita u budžetu kao koherentnih posledica fiskalne ekspanzije u predizbornom periodu. Testiranjem se ne dolazi do relevatnih dokaza o korišćenju poreske stimulacije kao obliku političkog delovanja na ekonomsku sferu. S druge strane, rezultati istraživanja ukazuju da u posmatranim zemljama zaista dolazi do rasta javne potrošnje u periodu pre izbornog procesa i posledično do rasta budžetskih deficita. Međutim, prema istim nalazima, u postizbornom periodu ne dolazi do redukcije javne potrošnje. Rast potrošnje se nastavlja, ali u manjem stepenu, što posledično vodi smanjenju budžetskog deficita.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/sjm15-21798
primljen: 20.05.2019.
prihvaćen: 12.08.2019.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 13.11.2020.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
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