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Psihološka istraživanja
2015, vol. 18, br. 2, str. 145-164
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/PsIstra1502145S


Relacije između karakteristika ličnosti i stavova prema organizacionim promenama
Fakultet za pravne i poslovne studije dr Lazar Vrkatić, Novi Sad

e-adresa: katarina.suvajdzic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Ovo istraživanje imalo je za cilj da ispita da li postoji povezanost između karakteristika ličnosti i stavova prema organizacionim promenama, kao i da proveri da li su i koje karakteristike ličnosti značajni prediktori stavova prema organizacionim promenama. Istraživanje je sprovedeno u periodu od novembra 2013. do januara 2014. godine na uzorku od 300 ispitanika zaposlenih u Srbiji. Za ispitivanje stavova prema organizacionim promenama korišćena je četvorostepena skala, autorki Vujić i Suvajdžić, čiju latentnu strukturu čine četiri faktora: fleksibilnost oblika radnog angažovanja, potreba za stabilnošću uslova rada, otpor prema sistemskim promenama i iniciranje promena. Karakteristike ličnosti operacionalizovane su modelom Velikih pet plus dva, autora Smederevac, Mitrović i Čolović, kojima su priključene generalizovana samoefikasnost, autora Švarcera i saradnika, kao i Spektorova skala lokusa kontrole. Rezultati istraživanja ukazuju na značajnu povezanost karakteristika ličnosti i stavova prema organizacionim promenama. Prema tim rezultatima očuvanju postojećeg stanja u organizaciji težiće konzervativne i rigidne osobe, koje nemaju pozitivnu sliku o sebi i koje percipiraju da ne poseduju dovoljno kapaciteta za prevladavanje teškoća na koje mogu naići. Težnji da se u poslovnom okruženju ništa ne menja doprinosi i njihova tendencija da sve što je novo doživljavaju kao potencijalno ugrožavajuće. Kao najznačajni prediktori stavova prema organizacionim promenama pokazali su se: otvorenost za iskustvo, pozitivna valenca, samoefikasnost, spoljašnji lokus kontrole, ekstraverzija i neuroticizam. Karakteristike ličnosti dobri su prediktori iniciranja promena, dok su fleksibilnost oblika radnog angažovanja, potreba za stabilnošću uslova rada i otpor prema sistemskim promenama, pored karakteristika ličnosti, pod uticajem i drugih varijabli koje nisu obuhvaćene ovim istraživanjem.

Ključne reči

stavovi prema organizacionim promenama; osobine ličnosti; lokuskontrole; generalizovana samoefikasnost

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