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Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis
2015, vol. 32, iss. 1, pp. 31-42
article language: English
document type: Review Paper
published on: 29/07/2015
doi: 10.1515/afmnai-2015-0003
Role modeling: A precious heritage in medical education
aUniverzitet medicinskih nauka Mashhad, Fakultet za sestrinstvo i akušerstvo, Departmanu za edukaciju sestara iz oblasti hirurgije, Mashhad, Iran
bUniverzitet medicinskih nauka Mashhad, Medicinski fakultet, Centar nege za istraživanja zasnovana na dokazima, Departman za medicinsku edukaciju, Departman za edukaciju sestara iz oblasti hirurgije, Mashhad, Iran
cUniverzitet medicinskih nauka Mashhad, Fakultet za sestrinstvo i akušerstvo, Mashhad, Iran



Role modeling is a powerful form of learning and an integral part of medical education. Although role modeling has a longstanding history, it has not received enough attention in medical education. The aim of this study was to present a comprehensive review of the literature to describe dimensions of role modeling in medical education. Review of the literature was undertaken using the international databases with the following search terms or their combinations: 'role modeling', 'observational learning' and 'medical education' up to September 2014. Relevant articles were retrieved. A total of 39 articles were included in this review. The results showed that clinical excellence, humanistic personality and excellence in teaching composed three essential elements of role modeling. Basic outcomes of role modeling in medical education are humanism and professionalism. In conclusion, role modeling as an outstanding educational approach has been recommended for enhancing humanism and professionalism in medical education.
For this article there is a related paper (correction, retraction, or comment) which is available here.


role modeling; observational learning; medical education


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