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Acta Facultatis Medicae Naissensis
2015, vol. 32, br. 1, str. 31-42
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.1515/afmnai-2015-0003


Učenje po modelu - dragoceno nasleđe u medicinskom obrazovanju
aUniverzitet medicinskih nauka Mashhad, Fakultet za sestrinstvo i akušerstvo, Departmanu za edukaciju sestara iz oblasti hirurgije, Mashhad, Iran
bUniverzitet medicinskih nauka Mashhad, Medicinski fakultet, Centar nege za istraživanja zasnovana na dokazima, Departman za medicinsku edukaciju, Departman za edukaciju sestara iz oblasti hirurgije, Mashhad, Iran
cUniverzitet medicinskih nauka Mashhad, Fakultet za sestrinstvo i akušerstvo, Mashhad, Iran

e-adresa: emamiza911@mums.ac.ir

Sažetak

Učenje po modelu je vrlo efikasan način učenja i sastavni deo medicinske edukacije. Premda učenje po modelu ima dugu istoriju u medicinskoj edukaciji, još uvek mu se ne pridaje dovoljan značaj. Cilj ove studije bio je da predstavi obiman pregled literature kako bi se odredio opseg učenja po modelu u medicinskoj edukaciji. Pregled literature je urađen pregledavanjem međunarodnih baza podataka preko pojedinih ključnih reči ili njihovih kombinacija: 'učenje po modelu', 'učenje posmatranjem', 'medicinska edukacija', u periodu do septembra 2014. godine. Obradili smo značajne članke. Pregledom je obuhvaćeno ukupno 39 članaka. Rezultati su pokazali da klinička izvrsnost, humanost, kao i izvrsnost u podučavanju čine tri glavna elementa učenja po modelu. Osnovni ishodi učenja po modelu u medicinskoj edukaciji su humanost i profesionalnost. U zaključku, učenje po modelu, kao izvanredan edukativni pristup, preporučuje se sa ciljem širenja humanizma i profesionalnosti u medicinskoj edukaciji.
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Ključne reči

učenje po modelu; učenje posmatranjem; medicinska edukacija

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