Article metrics

  • citations in SCindeks: [1]
  • citations in CrossRef:0
  • citations in Google Scholar:[=>]
  • visits in previous 30 days:4
  • full-text downloads in 30 days:2
article: 5 from 12  
Back back to result list
Psihološka istraživanja
2015, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 145-164
article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper
published on: 15/07/2016
doi: 10.5937/PsIstra1502145S
The relationship between personality characteristics and the attitudes towards organizational change
Union University, Faculty of Law and Business Studies 'dr Lazar Vrkatic', Novi Sad



The aim of this research was to examine whether there is a relationship between personality characteristics and the attitudes towards organizational change, as well as to check whether, and if so, which personality characteristics are significant predictors of the attitudes towards organizational change. The survey was conducted from November 2013 to January 2014 on the sample of 300 employees in Serbia. The instrument used to investigate the attitudes towards organizational change was a four-level scale constructed by Vujić and Suvajdžić. The structure of the scale consists of four factors: flexibility of work engagement forms, necessity of the working conditions stability, resistance to systemic changes and initiation of changes. Personality characteristics were investigated through the Great Five Plus Two model, constructed by Smederevac, Mitrović and Čolović. This topic was expanded by adding generalized self-efficacy, by Schwarzer and Jerusalem, as well as Spector's Locus of Control Scale. The results of the research point to a significant correlation between personality characteristics and the attitudes towards organizational change. According to these results, both conservative and rigid persons who do not have a positive self-image and perceive themselves as not having a sufficient capacity to overcome the difficulties they might encounter will strive towards the preservation of the existing situation in the organization. Their tendency to experience everything that is new as potentially threatening contributes to the aspiration not to change anything in the working environment. The most important predictors of attitudes towards organizational change include the following: openness to experience, positive valence, self-efficacy, external locus of control, extroversion and neuroticism. Personality characteristics are good predictors of initiation of changes, while flexibility of work engagement forms, necessity of the working conditions stability and resistance to systemic changes, in addition to personality traits, were influenced by other variables that were not included in this study.


attitudes towards organizational change; personality traits; locus of control; generalized self-efficacy


Anderson, D., Ackerman-Anderson, L. (2010) Beyond change management: How to achieve breakthrough results through conscious change leadership. San Francisco: Pfeiffer, 2nd Edition
Appelbaum, S.H. (1997) Socio‐technical systems theory: an intervention strategy for organizational development. Management Decision, 35(6): 452-463
Armenakis, A.A. (1993) Creating Readiness for Organizational Change. Human Relations, 46(6): 681-703
Ashford, S.J. (1988) Individual Strategies for Coping with Stress during Organizational Transitions. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 24(1): 19-36
Austin, J.R., Bartunek, J.M. (2003) Theories and practice of organizational development. in: Borman W.C., Ilgen D.R., Klimoski R.J. [ed.] Handbook of Psychology: Industrial and Organizational Psychology, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Volume 12: (309-332)
Bandura, A. (1986) Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognition theory. Engelwood Cliffs: Prentice Hall
Chung, S., Su, Y., Su, S. (2012) The Impact of Cognitive Flexibility on Resistance to Organizational Change. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 40(5): 735-745
Conner, D. (1992) Managing at the speed of change: How resilient managers succeed and prosper where others fail. New York: Villard Books, 1st ed
Drucker, P.F. (1992) Managing for the future: The 1990s and beyond. New York: Trumam Talley Books
Đurišić-Bojanović, M., Savković, M. (2010) Workforce organisational flexibility: Readiness for change. Strategic Management, vol. 15, br. 2, str. 22-31
Elving, W.J.L. (2005) The role of communication in organisational change. Corporate Communications: An International Journal, 10(2): 129-138
Emery, M. (2004) Open systems theory: Implication for development and learning. in: Boonstra J. [ed.] Dynamics Organizational Change and Learning, New York: Wiley & Sons, Chapter 2, 43-69
Folkman, S., Lazarus, R.S., Gruen, R.J., de Longis, A. (1986) Appraisal, coping, health status, and psychological symptoms. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50(3): 571-579
Girasoli, A. (2007) The General Perceived Self-Efficacy Scale. Journal of Psychology in the Orient, 174-181; 38
Goldsmith, R.E. (1984) Personality Characteristics Associated with Adaption-Innovation. Journal of Psychology, 117(2): 159-165
Grubić, N.L. (2003) Prilog razvoju sistema spremnosti za promene u nestabilnim uslovima. Novi Sad: FTN, Doktorska disertacija
Huse, E.F., Cummings, G.T. (1985) Organizational development and change. Minnesota: West Publishing Company
Judge, T.A., Thoresen, C.J., Pucik, V., Welbourne, T.M. (1999) Managerial coping with organizational change: A dispositional perspective. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84(1): 107-122
Jung, K.G. (2008) O razvoju ličnosti. Novi Sad: Akademska knjiga
Kahaneman, D. (2011) Thinking, Fast and Slow. London: Penguin books
Kasilingam, S., Sudha, S. (2010) Influence of locus of control on investment behaviour of individual investor. Indian Journal of Management, 17-25; 3
Oreg, S. (2003) Resistance to change: Developing an individual differences measure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(4): 680-693
o'toole J. (1995) Leading change: The argument for values: Based leadership. San Francisco: Jossey Bass
Petrović, I.B., Čizmić, S., Kovačević, P. (2009) Lokus kontrole na radu i aktivno traženje posla. Andragoške studije, br. 2, str. 307-322
Rafferty, A.E., Jimmieson, N.L., Armenakis, A.A. (2012) Change Readiness: A Multilevel Review. Journal of Management, 39(1): 110-135
Robbins, S.P. (1997) Managing Today. New Jersey: Prentice Hall
Rokeach, M. (1960) The open and closed mind. New York-Oxford: Basic Books
Rotter, J.B. (1966) Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Psychological Monographs: General and Applied, 80(1): 1-28
Scholz, U., Doña, B.G., Sud, S., Schwarzer, R. (2002) Is General Self-Efficacy a Universal Construct?1. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 18(3): 242-251
Schwarzer, R., Jerusalem, M. (1995) Generalized self-efficacy scale. in: Weinman J., Wright S., Johnston M. [ed.] Measures in health psychology: A user's portfolio Causal and control beliefs, Windsor: Nfer-Nelson, 35-37
Schweiger, D.M., Denisi, A.S. (1991) Communication with employees following a merger: a longitudinal field experiment. Academy of Management Journal, 34(1): 110-135
Smederevac, S., Mitrović, D., Čolović, P. (2010) Velikih pet plus dva - (VP+2). Beograd: Centar za primenjenu psihologiju
Spector, P.E. (1992) Summated rating scale construction. Iowa City: Sage Publications
Ulrich, D. (1997) Human resource champions. Boston: Harvard Business School
Vakola, M., Tsaousis, I., Nikolaou, I. (2004) The role of emotional intelligence and personality variables on attitudes toward organisational change. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 19(2): 88-110
Vidojević, Z. (2005) Pet godina tranzicije u Srbiji. Beograd: Fondacija Friedrich Ebert
Vujić, D. (2010) Psihologija rada - čovek i rad u savremenom poslovnom okruženju. Novi Sad: USEE
Vujić, D. (2011) Upravljanje ljudskim resursima. Novi Sad: USEE
Vujić, D. (2015) Kompetencije za rad i rukovođenje. Beograd: Centar za primenjenu psihologiju DPS
Wanberg, C.R., Banas, J.T. (2000) Predictors and outcomes of openness to changes in a reorganizing workplace. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(1): 132-142
Weiner, B.J. (2009) A Theory of organizational readines for vhange. Journal Implement Sci., 4, 67
Woodman, R.W. (1995) Understanding organizational change: a schematic perspective. Academy of Management Journal, 38(2): 537-554
Yukl, G. (2008) Rukovođenje organizacijama. Jastrebarsko: Naklada Slap