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Pravo i privreda
1996, vol. 34, iss. 9-10, pp. 21-31
article language: Serbian
document type: unclassified
published on: 02/06/2007
Acquisition of the right of ownership on movable property by means of a contract with the previous owner in French law
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Law


The right of ownership in French law consists in an abstract, intellectual relation, or a moral sovereignty over a thing. This moral relation has its material basis, i.e., the possession of a thing. However, the two entities, ownership and possession may be related to different subjects. On such a presumption there emerged the idea that acquisition of the right of ownership might be separated from the physical transfer and factual power over a thing. The expression of the will in certain form is sufficient to change the owner of a thing. But, the transfer of the right of ownership without a material act, the delivery a thing, may cause certain difficulties in practice. The third parties acting in good faith may suffer damage if the 'moral' transfer of the right of ownership is not followed by a material manifestation, the external act of delivery. In order to avoid confusions and disputes, the contractual principle endures certain limitations since in case of successive sale of a thing priority is given to factual power and delivery as the bases for acquisition of the right of ownership in favor of the acquirer acting in good faith.



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