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Acta medica Medianae
2010, vol. 49, br. 3, str. 32-39
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 10/11/2010
Profil pripremljenosti biciklista juniorskog uzrasta određen primenom Leipzig testa
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
bRepublički zavod za sport, Sportsko odeljenje, Beograd
cRepublički zavod za sport, Medicina sporta, Beograd

e-adresa: biljamaric@yahoo.com

Sažetak

Osnovni cilj ovog rada bio je da definiše profil pripremljenosti biciklista u kategoriji juniora određen primenom Leipzig testa. Sekundarni cilj bio je da se utvrdi da li postoje razlike u funkcionalnim pokazateljima kod biciklista koji nastupaju u različitim takmičarskim disciplinama: drumaši, brdski vozači i sprinteri. Svi biciklisti (n=18) bili su testirani primenom Leipzig testa na bicikl ergometru sa opterećenjem koje se povećavalo za 40W svakog minuta na kadenci od 90 - 100obr/min. U toku testa uzimali su se podaci o frekvenciji srca (HR) a na kraju i o maksimalnoj potrošnji kiseonika (VO2max). Rezultati pokazuju da su izmerene maksimalne potrošnje kiseonika naših nacionalnih biciklista juniorske kategorije, bez obzira na disciplinu, bile VO2max 56.42±5.82ml·min-1kg-1, gde je kod brdaša izmerena vrednost VO2max bila 61.43±4.94, kod sprintera 56.78±3.33, a kod tempaša 53.37±7.82. Statistička analiza dobijenih rezultata pokazala je da između subuzoraka biciklista nije bilo značajnih razlika na generalnom nivou u odnosu na funkcionalne pokazatelje. Ali, parcijalna analiza je pokazala da ipak postoji statistički značajna razlika između grupa i to, kod vrednosti frekvencije pulsa na anaerobnom pragu (F value 4.547, p=0.032). Ovakvi rezultati navode na zaključak da su testirani sportisti trenirani primenom trenažnog rada opšteg karaktera, jer iako se dominantno takmiče na različitim disciplinama, nivo pripremljenosti ukazuje da trenažni proces koji se primenjuje u biciklističkom sportu u Srbiji kod juniora ne podrazumeva specifičnost trenažnog rada u funkciji takmičarske discipline.

Ključne reči

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