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Ekonomika preduzeća
2015, vol. 63, br. 1-2, str. 67-81
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 24/06/2015
doi: 10.5937/ekopre1502067S
Inovativnost i kreativne industrije kao osnov reindustrijalizacije u Srbiji
Univerzitet Singidunum, FEFA - Fakultet za ekonomiju, finansije i administraciju - FEFA, Beograd

Projekat

Unapređenje konkurentnosti Srbije u procesu pristupanja Evropskoj uniji (MPNTR - 47028)

Sažetak

Duboka ekonomska kriza, koja je zahvatila privrede jugoistočne Evrope (JIE), uključujući Srbiju, ponovo je otvorila raspravu o potrebi za nekom novom vrstom industrijalizacije. Dok mnogi drugi autori pozivaju na državnu intervenciju u izabranim privrednim granama, mi se zalažemo za snažnu podršku razvoju klastera i kreativnih industrija, inovacionih procesa i sveukupne konkurentnosti zemlje, kao najbolji način da se izbegne zamka srednjeg nivoa razvoja. U ovom članku, nadovezujući se na aktuelna naučna istraživanja o značaju inovacija i kreativnih industrija kao motora ekonomskog razvoja, proučavamo i predlažemo mere javnih politika sa ciljem obnove rasta BDPpc i postepenog smanjenja jaza razvoja u region JIE u odnosu na razvijene zemlje. Neophodno je da Srbija, koja se ovde posebno sagledava, dovrši nezavršene reforme iz stadijuma konkurentnosti vođene činiocima proizvodnje, pogotovo kada se radi o institucijama i logističkoj infrastrukturi, a da istovremeno ojača inovacionu infrastrukturu kako bi prešla u stadijum konkurentnosti vođene inovacijama. Povoljna okolnost za Srbiju i JIE leži u poboljšanju ranga mereno Indeksom globalnih inovacija tokom krize, mada analizirani svetski izveštaji iz ove oblasti takođe ukazuju na slabosti koje treba prevazići. Pored podrške politika inovacija i klastera, sveobuhvatnije mere je potrebno sprovesti kako bi se unapredilo poslovno okruženje, obrazovni sistem (posebno višedisciplinarni pristup), kao i pristup finansiranju.

Ključne reči

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