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Nastava i vaspitanje
2012, vol. 61, br. 1, str. 83-98
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 22/03/2013
Karakteristike nastavnika i stereotipi o mlađim adolescentima
Institut za pedagoška istraživanja, Beograd

e-adresa: idjeric@rcub.bg.ac.rs, rdjevic@rcub.bg.ac.rs, ngutvajn@rcub.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Od podsticanja inicijative, saradnje i stvaralaštva u obrazovanju do novih uloga i identiteta u društvu (MPNTR - 179034)
Unapređivanje kvaliteta i dostupnosti obrazovanja u procesima modernizacije Srbije (MPNTR - 47008)

Sažetak

Psihološke teorije koje o adolescentnom periodu govore kao o izrazito problematičnom i kriznom periodu uslovljenom biološkim promenama doprinele su da među nastavnicima i laicima dugo egzistira viđenje adolescencije kao perioda 'bure i stresa'. O značaju stereotipnih uverenja nastavnika za odnos nastavnika i učenika i njihovom uticaju na socijalno ponašanje i obrazovne ishode svedoči veliki broj istraživanja. Cilj našeg istraživanja bio je da se utvrdi da li određene karakteristike nastavnika (pol, radni staž i nastavni predmet koji nastavnici predaju) utiču na njihove stereotipe o mlađim adolescentima. U istraživanju su učestvovala 193 nastavnika koji predaju sedmom razredu u deset beogradskih osnovnih škola. Nalazi istraživanja pokazuju da nisu utvrđene polne razlike u pogledu stereotipa nastavnika o mlađim adolescentima. Nastavnici koji imaju više radnog iskustva s mlađim adolescentima imaju manje izražene stereotipe o adolescentnom dobu, odnosno iskustvo je faktor koji može da modifikuje stereotipe. Nastavnici koji predaju društvene nauke imaju više izražene stereotipe o mlađim adolescentima u odnosu na nastavnike koji predaju prirodne nauke.

Ključne reči

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