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Psihologija
2006, vol. 39, br. 4, str. 407-423
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: članak
doi:10.2298/PSI0604407S


Nasledni i sredinski činioci dimenzija Ajzenkovog PEN i alternativnog petofaktorskog modela ličnosti
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet, Odsek za psihologiju

e-adresa: smederevac@ns.sbb.co.yu

Sažetak

Osnovni cilj istraživanja bio je ispitivanje naslednih i sredinskih činilaca dimenzija APM i PEN modela. Istraživanje je obuhvatilo 67 parova blizanaca oba pola, 34 para monozigotnih i 33 para dizigotnih, starosti 18 - 44 godine. Naslednost osobina ličnosti iz pomenutih modela ispitivana je biometrijskim metodom, pri čemu su za svaku osobinu testirana dva puna (ACE i ADE) i tri redukovana (AE, DE i CE) modela nasleđivanja. U prostoru APM, najznačajniji doprinos varijansi dimenzija aktivitet, socijabilnost i impulsivno traženje senzacija imaju aditivni genetski činioci i nedeljena sredina; za dimenzije anksioznost i agresivnost dominantni genetski efekti imaju važniju ulogu od aditivnih. U prostoru dimenzija PEN modela, indikatori fita idu u prilog adekvatnosti ACE i redukovanog AE modela za dimenziju neuroticizam, a ACE i redukovanog CE modela za L skalu. Indikatori fita su se pokazali problematičnim za dimenzije ekstraverzija i psihoticizam, ali procena parametara heritabilnosti sugeriše da je ekstraverzija najbolje objašnjena efektima aditivne genetske varijanse, deljene sredine i nedeljene sredine, a psihoticizam efektima deljene i nedeljene sredine.

Ključne reči

heritabilnost; biometrijski metod; alternativni petofaktorski model ličnosti; PEN model ličnosti

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