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Industrija
2017, vol. 45, br. 4, str. 65-78
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 22/01/2018
doi: 10.5937/industrija45-14471
Creative Commons License 4.0
Razvoj mreže dobavljača u automobilskoj industriji kao preduslov regionalnih neravnomernosti? (Komparativna analiza Srbije, Italije i Češke Republike)
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Ekonomski fakultet
bDirketna Banka

e-adresa: nmakojevic@kg.ac.rs

Sažetak

Osnovni istraživački zadatak rada je analiza odnosa između mreže dobavljača Fiat automobili Srbija, njihove geografske lokacije i uticaja na regionalni razvoj, i poređenje sa sličnom situacijom u Italiji i Češkoj. Kada je reč o pomenutim zemljama, automobilska industrija je imala značajnu podršku od strane države u vidu subvencija, poreskih olakšica i programa zapošljavanja naročito u regionima koji su nerazvijeni. Istraživanja su pokazala različite rezultate kada je reč o vezama automobilske insutrije i regionalnog razvoja, tako da su u Češkoj zabeleženi pozitivni rezultati uticaja automobilske industrije na regionalni razvoj dok je u Italiji situacija drugačija jer su regioni, koji su koristili nacionalne programe za razvoj automobilske industrije, zabeležili pad u kretanju BDP-a, izvoza i zaposlenosti. Kada je reč o nacionalnoj ekonomiji, istraživanje je pokazalo snažnu koncentraciju dobavljača u regionu Šumadije, sa niskom orijentacijom ka izvozu, čime je zavisnost od Fiata značajna. S druge strane, dobavljači koncentrisani u regionu Vojvodine imaju značajne izvozne aktivnsoti, odnosno uključenost u međunarodni lanac vrednosti automobilske industrije, čime ovaj region čine manje zavisnim od strateških odluke Fiat automobila Srbija.

Ključne reči

automobilska indutrija; mreža dobavljača; regionlna nerazvijenost; strane investicije

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