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Psihološka istraživanja
2018, vol. 21, br. 2, str. 135-154
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 01/02/2019
doi: 10.5937/PsiIstra1802135P
Creative Commons License 4.0
Skala pozitivne orijentacije - provera psihometrijskih karakteristika prevoda na srpski jezik
Univerzitet Union, Fakultet za pravne i poslovne studije 'dr Lazar Vrkatić', Novi Sad

e-adresa: drzuljevic@gmail.com

Sažetak

Skala pozitivne orijentacije (Positivity Scale (PS); Caprara i sar., 2012a) jeste instrument za procenu pozitivnosti koja je formulisana kao bazična dispozicija za procenu sebe, života i budućnosti na pozitivan način. Popularnost skale i njena široka primena u različitim kulturološkim kontekstima zasnovana je na strukturalnoj invarijatnosti njenih prevoda na više jezika. Ovaj rad imao je za cilj proveru osnovnih metrijskih karakteristika PS na uzorku odraslih ljudi u Srbiji. Istraživanje je objedinilo dve studije. Ciljevi Studije 1, koja je sprovedena na uzorku od 508 ispitanika, bili su provera interne konzistencije, te provera latentne strukture skale eksplorativnom faktorskom analizom. Ciljevi Studije 2, koja je sprovedena na nezavisnom uzorku od 1.010 ispitanika, bili su dodatna provera konstrukt validnosti skale konfirmativnom faktorskom analizom, te provera konvergentne validnosti skale. Rezultati eksplorativne faktorske analize sugerisali su relativnu heterogenost skale, dok je konfirmativna faktorska analiza pored potvrde originalnog modela sugerisala potencijalno skraćenje sa početnih osam na šest stavki. Konkurentna validnost potvrđena je adekvatnim korelacijama s merama optimizma (LOT-R; Scheier, Carver, i Bridges, 1994), self-efikasnosti (GSES; Schwarzer iJerusalem, 1995) i samopoštovanja (RSES; Rosenberg, 1965), te adekvatnim korelacijama s merama depresivnosti (CES-D; Radloff, 1977) i zadovoljstva životom (SWLS; Diener, Emmons, Larsen, iGriffin, 1985). Možemo zaključiti da prevod PS predstavlja pouzdan i validan instrument za procenu pozitivnosti. Ipak, specifičnosti našeg uzroka sugerišu budućim istraživanjima da bi trebalo dodatno proveriti strukturalnu validnost PS i detaljnije analizirati specifične manifestacije konstrukta pozitivnosti u našoj populaciji.

Ključne reči

Skala pozitivne orijentacije; psihometrijske karakteristike; uzorak u Srbiji

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