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Psihološka istraživanja
2019, vol. 22, br. 1, str. 17-32
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 07/07/2019
doi: 10.5937/PSISTRA22-19038
Creative Commons License 4.0
Mračne crte kroz pristup usmeren na varijablu i na osobu i njihove relacije sa nekim rizičnim ponašanjima
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Filozofski fakultet, Odsek za psihologiju

e-adresa: bojana.dinic@ff.uns.ac.rs

Projekat

Nasledni, sredinski i psihološki činioci mentalnog zdravlja (MPNTR - 179006)

Sažetak

Cilj ovog istraživanja je ispitivanje koji pristup bolje opisuje kovarijansu između crta Mračne trijade i Mračne tetrade na opštoj populaciji - pristup usmeren na osobu ili pristup usmeren varijablu. Na uzorku od 624 ispitanika (48.2% muškaraca), primenjeni su upitnici Mračne trijade (Dark Triad Dirty Dozen - DTDD) i sadizma (Short Sadistic Impulse Scale - SSIS i Varieties of Sadistic Tendencies Scale - VAST) za procenu mračnih crta, a Upitnik reaktivne i proaktivne agresije (Reactive Proactive Questionnaire - RPQ) i pitanja o upotrebi alkohola za procenu kriterijumske validnosti. U cilju testiranja koji pristup bolje opisuje kovarijansu između mračnih crta, primenjena je analiza latentnih profila. Rezultati ukazuju na to da se na osnovu mračnih crta može izdvojiti jedan profil ili dva koja se razlikuju kvantitativno (profili s niskim i visokim mračnim crtama), što sugeriše da je pristup usmeren na varijablu više primeren u odnosu na pristup usmeren na osobu. U slučaju Mračne tetrade, pripadnost profilu zavisi od toga koja je mera sadizma korišćena, tj. saglasnost između profila je umerena. Profil s visokim mračnim crtama baziran na kombinaciji sa SSIS skalom sadizma karakteriše visoka agresija i upotreba alkohola, dok isti profil s visokim crtama, ali baziran na kombinaciji sa VAST merom sadizma, karakteriše samo viša sklonost agresiji.

Ključne reči

Mračna trijada; Mračna tetrada; mračne crte; sadizam; analiza latentnih profila; agresija; upoteba alkohola

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