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Psihološka istraživanja
2017, vol. 20, br. 1, str. 71-88
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 13/11/2017
doi: 10.5937/PsIstra1701071V
Creative Commons License 4.0
Porodični i individualni razlozi napuštanja školovanja - percepcija učenika
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za psihologiju

e-adresa: marina.videnovic79@gmail.com

Projekat

Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)

Sažetak

Osnovni cilj istraživanja je bio da se identifikuju koje individualne i porodične faktore učenici navode kao razloge zbog koga su napustili školu ili su pod rizikom da je napuste. Ukupno je ispitano dvanaestoro učenika koji su napustili ili su pod rizikom da napuste osnovnu (šest učenika) ili srednju školu (šest učenika) i četvoro roditelja. Korišćen je polustrukturisani intervju. Kvalitativnom analizom sadržaja njihovih odgovora izdvojeno je četiri kategorije u koje se mogu grupisati učenici s obzirom na njihovu percepciju razloga za napuštanje školovanja. Te kategorije su: maloletnička trudnoća, preuzimanje uloge roditelja, problematična ponašanja (krađe, tuče) i slaba motivacija za školovanje i učenje. Potraga za tipologijom slučajeva osipanja se čini opravdanom jer je za svaku od izdvojenih grupa učenika potrebno obezbediti specifične mere prevencije kako bi se obezbedio nastavak školovanja. Takođe, u istraživanju se izdvojio podatak da je kod roditelja prisutna tendencija da za napuštanje školovanja smatraju odgovornim osobine deteta koje doživljavaju kao nepromenjive. Neuspeh zaposlenih u školi da pomognu detetu učvršćava ovo uverenje roditelja.

Ključne reči

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