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Fizička kultura
2011, vol. 65, br. 2, str. 16-32
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1102016T


Hipotetički model faktora koji utiču na izvedbu i sportsko postignuće u timskim sportovima
aSveučilište u Splitu, Kineziološki fakultet, Split, Hrvatska
bSveučilište u Splitu, Fakultet elektrotehnike, strojarstva i brodogradnje, Split, Hrvatska

e-adresa: trninic@kifst.hr, trninic@kifst.hr

Sažetak

Cilj ovog rada je oblikovanje sveobuhvatnog hipotetičkog, dinamičkog, interaktivnog procesnog modela koga struktuiraju pretpostavljeni konstrukti, odnosno procesi ili mehanizmi koji imaju realne funkcije i uticaj na izvedbu sportiste i sportsko postignuće u timskom sportu. Pritom su na temeljima razvoja teorije dinamičkih sistema, osnovnih pretpostavki akciono-teorijskog pristupa, te u skladu sa savremenim socijalno-kognitivnim stajalištem timskog funkcionisanja u sportu, oblikovani i pretpostavljeni recipročni odnosi između visokog trenažnog i takmičarskog stresa kao ulazne varijable, kognitivne procene i interpretacije kao medijatora, stanja raspoloženja kao moderatora. U sklopu procesnog modela izlazne varijable su mere uspešnosti koje se pokazuju u individualnoj i timskoj izvedbi sportiste i sportskom postignuću. Situacija, atributi sportiste i tima, izvedba i sportsko postignuće su neodvojive varijable te je i individualna i kolektivna efikasnost posledica njihovog recipročnog međudelovanja. Dakle, postoje složeni i recipročni interaktivni procesi u realnim sportskim i istraživačkim situacijama između atributa sportista i tima, te ponašanja i situacije koji određuju izvedbu i sportsko postignuće. Verovatno je to rezultat integrisane mreže recipročnog multikauzalnog delovanja skupa iskazanih pretpostavljenih konstrukata iz različitih teorija. Pritom, hipotetički model pokušava prikazati razrađene međuodnose i/ili međuzavisnosti između unutrašnjih i spoljnih determinanti za koje se pretpostavlja da utiču na izvedbu sportiste i sportsko postignuće.

Ključne reči

takmičarski stres; model; recipročno međudelovanje; atributi; izvedba; sportsko postignuće

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