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Psihologija
2008, vol. 41, br. 2, str. 213-235
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
doi:10.2298/PSI0802213M
Merenje samstva prema teoriji samodeterminacije - konsktrukcija i validacija ego funkcionalnog upitnika (EFQ)
aUniversity of Ottawa, Canada
bUniversité du Québec en Outaouais, Canada

e-adresa: nmaj@eunet.yu

Sažetak

Glavni cilj ovog istraživanja bio je razvoj i validacija instrumenta namenjenog merenju tri tipa selfa predloženih od strane Hodgins i Knee-a (2002): integrisani self, ego-investirajući i impersonalni self. Upitnik je imenovan kao EFQ (The Ego Functioning Questionnaire). Istraživanje je sprovedeno u okviru tri studije. U prvoj, na 202 ispitanika ispitana je faktorska struktura pilot verzije upitnika EFQ, a utvrđene su i njegove metrijske karakteristike. U drugoj studiji, na 300 ispitanika prethodno dobijena struktura je kros-validirana primenom konfirmatornog modela faktorske analize. Konačno, u trećoj studiji na ukupno 131 ispitanika ispitana je konvergentna valjanost novog upitnika sa nizom dobro poznatih instrumenata namenjenih merenju kognitivnih, emotivnih i socijalnih konstrukata, kao i stepena otpornosti stavki EFQ-a na socijalno poželjne reakcije. Eksplorativnom faktorskom analizom i primenom jedne novije tehnike ekstrakcije faktora, nađeno je da tri strukture vrlo jasno grupišu 6 ajtema i razdvajaju ih od druge dve skale. Kombinacijom metrijskih analiza rađenih unutar klasične i image teorija merenja, utvrđeno je i da EFQ poseduje zadovoljavajuće interne merne karakteristike. Skromnija pouzdanost je pripisana kratkoći subskala (naknadna još neobjavljena istraživanja to potvrđuju) kao i visokom specificitetu u manifestacijama merenih konstrukata. Primena istog instrumenta na novom uzorku potvrdila je tri-faktorsko rešenje, jer je merni model pokazao odličan fit sa podacima ostvaren bez ikakvih post-hoc modifikacija u njemu. Jednako tako, EFQ je demonstrirao i odličnu konvergentnu valjanost otkrivajući vrlo smislene veze sa poznatim merama u oblasti “selfhood”-a . Ove korelacije otkrivaju, na primer, da je integrisan self superioran u kognitivnom funkcionisanju (da ima razvijenije kognitivne potrebe i da su mu manje svojstvene greške u svakodnevnom procesiranju), kao i to da ego-investirajući i impersonalni self gravitiraju ka oblicima socijalnog cinizma (makijavelizmu i odsustvu normi ponašanja). Ovi rezultati su diskutovani i s obzirom na ograničenja samih istraživanja, ali i u smislu naučnog potencijala koji leži u merenju tri tipa self-regulacije na način kako je to predloženo EFQ-om. Ne samo u detekciji dominantnog oblika motivacije u ovim sistemima (intrinzička, ekstrinzička i amotivacija) nego i u mogućnosti praćenja stanja i razvoja integriteta osobe, nivoa i tipa radnog angažovanja i privrženosti, sve do kognitivne efikasnosti i društvenog ponašanja.

Ključne reči

self; EFQ; teorija self-determinacije; validacija upitnika; metoda strukturnih jednačina

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