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2017, vol. 33, br. 2, str. 135-149
Plodnost nerasta - šta je važno znati
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet
bMagapor S.L., Parque científico tecnológico valdeferrín, Zaragoza, Spain
cInstitut za stočarstvo, Beograd-Zemun

e-adresasavic@agrif.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Primena različitih odgajivačko-selekcijskih i biotehnoloških metoda u cilju oplemenjivanja svinja (MPNTR - 31081)

Ključne reči: nerast; veštačko osemenjavanje; osobine sperme; libido; reproduktivna efikasnost
Sažetak
Najvažniji segment u reproduktivnom menadžmentu je kontrola plodnosti nerasta. Uobičajena je podela osobina plodnosti na: in vitro (osobine sperme) i in vivo (procenat povađanja, procenat prašenja i osobine veličine legla) plodnost. Mnoga istraživanja pokazala su razlike između rasa u obe grupe osobina plodnosti. Varijabilnost osobina sperme nerasta tokom iskorišćavanja pod uticajem je različitih genetskih (nerast, rasa) i paragenetskih (starost, sezona, intenzitet korišćenja) faktora. Dobar libido je poželjna karakteristika nerasta, ali saznanja o povezanosti libida i plodnosti nerasta su ograničena. Takođe ne postoji standardizovana procedura ili metod za ocenu libida nerasta. Neophodno je stalno rangiranje nerasta na osnovu reproduktivne efikasnosti. Dobar reproduktivni menadžment podrazumeva pravovremenu identifikaciju nerasta sa niskom plodnošću (ili blizu proseka).
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.2298/BAH1702135S
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 07.12.2017.
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