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Ekonomika
2010, vol. 56, br. 3, str. 69-81
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
Upravljanje zagađenjem - rangiranje najzagađenijih lokacija u opštini Bor primenom PROMETHEE metode
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Tehnički fakultet u Boru

Sažetak

U ovom radu je predstavljena optimizacija najzagađenijih lokacija u Opštini Bor, analiziranjem koncentracije teških metala u zemljištu i vazduhu. Rangiranje je urađeno primenom PROMETHEE/GAIA metode i PROMETHEE V metode uzimanjem u obzir standardnih ograničenja koja se odnose na količinu teških metala u zemlji i vazduhu. Ovaj način multikriterijumskog rangiranja najzagađenijih lokacija, koji je opisan u ovom radu, može se smatrati kao doprinos metodologiji koja će se koristiti pri formiranju funkcije optimizacije lokacija koje su najviše zagađene teškim metalima. Uzorkovanje je urađeno na četiri mesta: Gradski park i Institut rudarstva i metalurgije koji pripadaju urbanoj zoni grada, a Jugopetrol i Brezonik koji pripadaju prigradskoj zoni. Izvori teških metala u Boru i okolini su industrija saobraćaj, goriva organskog porekla, agrokulturne i druge antropogene aktivnosti. Utvrđena je koncentracija Pb, Cd, Hg, As i Cu u zemljištu i vazduhu. Analize su sprovedene u skladu sa maksimalno dozvoljenim koncentracijama koje su propisane zakonom o zaštiti životne sredine u Srbiji. Najveće koncentracija teških metala u zemlji i vazduhu izmerena je na mernom mestu Jugopetrol, odnosno u prigradskoj zoni.

Ključne reči

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