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Smanjenje zagađenja životne sredine i siromaštva savremenom politikom životne sredine EU
aUniverzitet u Nišu, Ekonomski fakultet
bTelenor Direct, Belgrade

e-adresastojanovic@junis.ni.ac.rs
Projekat:
Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 149011 i br. 149052

Sažetak
Vlade imaju posebnu odgovornost za korektivne akcije u prisustvu negativnih eksternalija zato što jedino vlade mogu uspostaviti i sprovesti pravne okvire za regulisanje korišćenja resursa životne sredine i transfer resursa na takav način da različite društvene grupe imaju jednake mogućnosti radi iskorenjivanja siromaštva. Jednosmerne negativne eksternalije su naročito protiv siromašnih. Mnoge potencijalno ekološki štetne aktivnosti su neopravdane ne samo zbog njihovog negativnog ekonomskog uticaja već takođe sa stanovišta životne sredine i siromaštva. Konvencionalni ekonomski pristup problemima je da im pristupa u smislu tržišnog nedostatka i pogrešne alokacije resursa. Zatim, dodatna ili politička perspektiva je eksplicitno u smislu potrebe za maksimizacijom društvenog blagostanja. Prema tom gledištu, opravdanje državne intervencije leži u većem održivom prinosu prirodne imovine i u smanjenju siromaštva.
Reference
Baker, S. (2006) Sustainable development. London-New York: Routledge
Coase, R.H. (1960) The problem of social cost. Journal of Law and Economics, vol. 3, str. 1-44
Commission of the European Communities (2000) Database on environmental taxes in the EU member states. Brussels: Commission of the European Communities, July 2001
Commission of the European Communities (COM(2005) 37) (2005) Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: The 2005 Review of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy: Initial Stocktaking and Future Orientations. Brussels, 9.2.2005
Commission of the European Communities (COM(2007) 642 final) (2007) Communication from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament, Progress Report on the Sustainable Development Strategy. Brussels, 22.10.2007
Dasgupta, P. (2001) Human Well-Being and the Natural Environment. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Dasgupta, P., Mähler, K.G. (1994) Poverty, Institutions, and the Environmental-Resource Base. World Bank Environment Paper, Washington, DC, No. 9
EEA (1997) Environmental Agreements: Environmental Effectiveness. Copenhagen: EEA (European Environment Agency)
Golub, J., ur. (1998) New Instruments of Environmental Policy. London: Routledge
Hix, S. (1998) The Study of the EU II: The 'New' Governance Agenda and Its Rival. Journal of European Public Policy, 5, 1, pp. 38-65
Jordan, A., Wurzel, R.K.W., Zito, A.R. (2000) Has governance eclipsed government?: Patterns of environmental instrument selection and use in eight states and the EU. u: CSERGE Working Paper EDM 03-15
Jordan, A., Wurzel, R., Zito, A.R., Bruckner, L. (2003) European governance and the transfer of 'new' environmental policy instruments (NEPIs) in the European Union. Public Administration, 81(3): 555-574
Pigou, A.C. (1920) The economics of welfare. London-New York, itd: Macmillan Publishing
UN (1992) Programme of Action for Sustainable Development - Rio Declaration on Environment and Development - Statement of Forest Principles (UN Sales No. E.93.I.11), the final text of agreements negotitated by Governments at the United Nations. u: Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), 3-14 June 1992, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, New York
UNCTAD (1994) Sustainable Development: The effect of the internalization of external costs on sustainable development, document TD/B/40(2)/6. Geneva
Vainio, M. (1998) The effect of unclear property rights on environmental degradation and increase in poverty. UNCTAD Discussion Papers, br. 130, March
Vogel, D. (1986) National styles of regulation. Ithaca: Cornell University Press
 

O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 10.01.2011.

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