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Psihološka istraživanja
2019, vol. 22, br. 1, str. 69-87
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
objavljeno: 07/07/2019
doi: 10.5937/PSISTRA22-19287
Creative Commons License 4.0
Psihopatija potpomaže uspeh u radnom okruženju
aUniverzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za medije i komunikacije - FMK, Beograd
bInstitut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja, Beograd

e-adresa: igorpavlic@rocketmail.com

Sažetak

Postoje indicije da je psihopatija povezana sa nekim adaptivnim ishodima u radnom okruženju. Ovaj fenomen je nazvan korporativna psihopatija i bazira se na pretpostavci da korporativno okruženje pozitivno selektuje osobe sa psihopatskim karakterisitkama, pogotovo na menadžerskim pozicijama. U ovom istraživanju testirali smo hipotezu o pozitivnim relacijama između psihopatije i indikatora uspeha u radnom okruženju na uzorku od 212 odraslih zaposlenih lica (69% ženskog pola; ASuzrast=33.55 godina [SD=7.38]). Psihopatija je merena pomoću Skale Psihopatskih Crta Ličnosti (analize su sprovedene na dva empirijski ekstrahovana faktora iz ajtema ove skale, imenovanih Bezosećajna manipulacija i Nedostatak empatije). Uspešnost na radnom mestu je merena pomoću četiri varijable: 1) menadžerska nasuprot operatorskoj radnoj poziciji; 2) varijacije u mesečnom ličnom dohotku; 3) varijacija u primljenom bonusu za prošlogodišnji performans i 4) samoprocenjena radna uspešnost. Korelaciona i regresiona analiza rezultirale su u veoma sličnim nalazima: Bezosećajna manipulacija je bila više izražena kod osoba koje su na menadžerskim pozicijama i kod onih koji su dobili bonus za prošlogodišnji preformans; Nedostatak empatije je pozitivno predviđao bonus za prošlogodišnji performans i samoprocenjenu radnu sposobnost. Bezosećajna manipulacija je pokazala i pozitivnu korelaciju nultog reda sa mesečnim ličnim dohotkom ali nije imala nezavistan doprinos pri predikciji ovog kriterijuma. Dobijeni rezultati su kongruentni sa postavljenom hipotezom: psihopatija je pozitivno povezana sa indikatorima uspešnosti na random mestu. Rezultati se mogu interpretirati pomoću koncepata korporativne I uspešne psihopatije.

Ključne reči

uspeh; uspešnost na radu; radno mesto; psihopatija

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