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Ekonomika preduzeća
2015, vol. 63, br. 3-4, str. 205-221
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
doi:10.5937/ekopre1504205F


Razvoj preduzetničkog sektora kao osnove jačanja konkurentnosti privrede
aMinistry of Economy, Department of Regional Development and Strategic Analyses of Economy, Belgrade
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Ekonomski fakultet

Sažetak

Preduzetnički sektor u modernim državama predstavlja pokretački deo nacionalne ekonomije iz koga se generišu nove ideje, proizvodi i tehnologije. Kao takav on je izvor na kome se zasniva održivost privrednog rasta i sprovođenje strukturnih promena kao neophodnog dela razvojnog procesa. Upravo zbog kvaliteta koji rastu jedne privrede daje preduzetnički sektor on je predmet mnogih politika, mera i regulativa kojima se u najnaprednijim zemljama pokušava steći i/ili održati konkurentska prednost u odnosu na druge takmičare na međunarodnom, globalnom, tržištu. Stoga smo u ovom radu pokušali da kritički analiziramo položaj preduzetničkog sektora u Srbiji u uslovima krize (od 2008. godine do danas), da na osnovu toga ukažemo na slabe tačke sektora koje onemogućavaju njegov brži rast i razvoj, a posebno da podvučemo nepovoljan položaj najbrže rastućih preduzeća (takozvanih 'Gazela') koja bi trebalo da budu okosnica razvoja inovativnog segmenta nacionalne privrede. Pored toga u radu su analizirani indikatori koji se tiču poslovne demografije preduzetničkog sektora Srbije kao i globalnog indeksa preduzetništva koji takođe pokazuju loše stanje i nepovoljan položaj preduzetničkog sektora u Srbiji sa neizvesnim perspektivama poboljšanja u narednom periodu.

Ključne reči

preduzetnički sektor; poslovni ambijent; investicije; industrijska i izvozna konkurentnost; poslovna demografija; brzorastuća preduzeća; gazele

Reference

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