Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:[3]
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:38
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:5
članak: 1 od 2  
Back povratak na rezultate
Industrija
2016, vol. 44, br. 1, str. 89-111
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/industrija1-9365

Creative Commons License 4.0
Analiza inovativnosti kao determinante konkurentnosti selektovanih zemalja Evrope
aUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Ekonomski fakultet
bUniverzitet u Nišu, Ekonomski fakultet
cUniverzitet u Kragujevcu, Filološko-umetnički fakultet

e-adresa: ddespotovic@ kg.ac.rs

Sažetak

Polazeći od pretpostavke da je fenomen inovativnosti u srži savremene ekonomske politike, u radu se posmatraju najinovativnije i najmanje inovativne evropske zemlje, a na osnovu vrednosti 12. stuba Indeksa globalne konkurentnosti (IGK) - Inovacije. Istraživanje je bazirano na analizi selektovanih 10 inovacionih lidera i 10 inovacionih 'početnika' zemalja Evrope u 2013. Putem klaster analize izabranih zemalja na osnovu sličnosti inovativnih performansi, prikazana je dubina jaza između formiranih klastera inovacionih lidera i inovacionih 'početnika'. Primenom metode vizuelizacije sagledavane su komponente stuba Inovacije analiziranih grupa zemalja. U dalji tok istraživanja, uključena je vemenska dimenzija i analiziran je trend inovativnosti posmatranih grupa zemalja u periodu od 2006 - 2015. godine. Grafikoni vremenskih serija, sa prosečnim vrednostima inovativnosti, pokazuju trend linije za svaki od klastera. Imajući u vidu da najveći broj makroekonomskih vremenskih serija ispoljava vremensku zavisnost, dinamički odnosi između njih analizirani su primenom VAR modela. Izmedju posmatranih serija ustanovljena je statisticki znacajna medjuzavisnost. Dodatno je, putem proste linearne regresije, ispitivan uticaj inovativnosti na GDP per capita posmatranih grupa zemalja. Došlo se do zaključka da pored izraženog jaza izmedju dostignutih nivoa inovativnosti posmatranih grupa zemalja postoji i pozitivan uticaj inovativnosti na dostignuti nivo GDP per capita izraženog u kupovnoj moći domaće valute kod grupe inovacionih 'početnika' u posmatranom vremenskom periodu.

Ključne reči

inovacija; inovativnost; divergencija; inovacioni 'početnici'; inovacioni lideri; Evropa

Reference

Amidon, D.M. (2003) Innovation superhighway: Harnessing intellectual capital for sustainable collaborative advantage. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann
Atkinson, R., Ezell, S. (2012) Innovation Economics - The Race For Global Advantage. London: Yale University Press
Boia, M., Conceiçâo, P., Santos, R. (2003) Determinants of innovation in Portugal: Designing, implementing and analyzing evidence from the third community innovation survey. Lisbon: Instituto Superior Técnico
Bolwijn, P.T., Kumpe, T. (1990) Manufacturing in the 1990s-Productivity, flexibility and innovation. Long Range Planning, 23(4): 44-57
Cimoli, M., Dosi, G. (1995) Technological paradigms, patterns of learning and development: An introductory roadmap. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 5(3): 243-268
Cvetanovic, S., Despotović, D., Mladenović, I., Jovović, D. (2014) The analysis of innovation in Western Balkan countries in 2012. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 27(1): 830-846
Despotović, D., Cvetanović, S., Nedić, V. (2014) Innovativeness and competitiveness of the Western Balkan countries and selected EU member states. Industrija, vol. 42, br. 1, str. 27-45
Dodgson, M., Gann, D., Salter, A. (2008) The management of technological innovation strategy and practice. Oxford: Oxford university press
Dutta, S., ur. (2012) Global innovation index 2011/12. Fontainebleau: INSEAD-WIPO
Edquist, C., ur. (1997) Systems of innovation: Technologies, institutions and organizations. London: Pinter Publishers
EU Innovation (2005) The evaluation process in innovation policy. Study Working Paper, accessed at: http://www.euinnovation.net/innovation_evaluation/htm/pilot.htm on 05September 2014
European Commission (2009) Reinvent Europe through innovation: From a knowledge society to innovation society: Final report of the Business Panel on future innovation policy. accessed at http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/policies/innovation/files/panel_report_en.pdf on 03 October 2014
Fagerberg, J., Mowery, D., Nelson, R., ur. (2004) The Oxford handbook of innovation. Oxford University Press
Foray, D., Phelps, E. (2010) The challenge of innovation in turbulent times: A report submitted to the Global Agenda Council. New York: Columbia University-Center on Capitalism and Society, Working Paper No. 56, April
Freeman, C. (1987) Technology policy and economic performance: Lessons from Japan. London: Pinter
Freeman, C. (1995) The national systems of innovation. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 19(1):5-24
Freeman, C. (2008) Systems of innovation: Selected essays in evolutionary economics. Cheltenham, UK-Nothampton, MA: Edward Elgar
Freeman, C. (2002) Continental, national and sub-national innovation systems-complementarity and economic growth. Research Policy, 31(2): 191-211
Greenhalgh, C., Rogers, M. (2010) Innovation, intellectual property, and economic growth. New Jersey: Princeton University Press
Hujer, R., Radic, D. (2005) Evaluating the impacts of subsidies on innovation activities in Germany. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 52(4): 565-586
Jobber, D. (2001) Principles and practice of marketing. New York, itd: McGraw-Hill
Lundvall, B.A. (1992) National systems of innovation: Towards a theory of innovation and interactive learning. London: Pinter
Nedić, V.M., Cvetanović, S.Ž., Despotović, D. (2014) ICT as a component of knowledge economy development of Western Balkan countries. Industrija, vol. 42, br. 4, str. 55-77
OECD (2010) Economics: Innovation central to boosting growth and jobs. accessed at http://www.oecd.org/sti/inno/economicsinnovationcentraltoboostinggrowthandjobs.htm on 27 May 2014
Porter, M., Rivkin, J. (2012) The looming challenge to U.S. competitiveness. Harvard Business Review, 90(3):54-61
Rothwell, R. (1994) Towards the Fifth‐generation Innovation Process. International Marketing Review, 11(1): 7-31
Smith, D. (2010) Innovation. London: McGraw-Hill
Takalo, T., Tanayama, T., Toivanen, O. (2008) Evaluating innovation policy: A structural treatment effect model of R&D subsidies. Bank of Finland Research Discussion Papers, Finland, 7/2008
World Economic Forum The global competitiveness report: 2006-2007; 2007-2008; 2008-2009; 2009-2010; 2010-2011; 2011-2012; 2012-2013; 2013-2014, 2014-2015; 2015-2016. Geneva
World Economic Forum (2012) The Europe 2020 competitiveness report: Building a more competitive Europe. Geneva: Global Competitiveness Network
Zahra, S., Jennings, D., Kuratko, D. (1999) The Antecedents and Consequences of Firm-level Entrepreneurship: the State of the Field. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 24(2); 45-65
Zubović, J. (2012) Human capital development as a tool for managing structural changes-secondary education vs. structural changes. u: Managing Structural Changes: Trends and Requirements, 412-426