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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2014, vol. 61, br. 3, str. 677-693
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekoPolj1403677I
Merenje komparativne prednosti prehrambeno prerađivačkog sektora Republike Srbije u funkciji povećanja izvoza
Univerzitet Privredna akademija u Novom Sadu, Fakultet za ekonomiju i inženjerski menadžment

e-adresa: svetlana.ignjatijevic@gmail.com, cmiros@gmail.com, djordjevic@fimek.edu.rs

Sažetak

Predmet istraživanja je analiza komparativne prednosti izvoza proizvoda prehrambeno prerađivačkog sektora, sa ciljem da se definiše položaj prehrambeno prerađivačkog sektora Srbije u odnosu na dunavsku regiju i istaknu proizvodi koji su u ranijem periodu i koji će u narednom periodu biti nosioci izvoza poljoprivrede Srbije. U istraživanju smo primenili sledeće indekse: RXA, RTA, ln RXA, RC, RCA, LFI, GL, Sm. Dinamički smo sagledali kretanje indeksa u periodu od 2005- 2011. Godine. Istražili smo postojanje korelacije RCA indeksa prehrambeno prerađivačkog sektora i primenom Pearsonovog i Spearmanovog indeksa ustanovili koliko RCA varijable međusobno kovariraju. Ustanovili smo da je kod sledećih proizvoda ostvareno povećanje komparativne prednosti izvoza mereno Balassa indeksom: Mleko i proizvodi, Sir i urda, Prekrupa i brašno od ostalih žitarica, Proizvodi od žitarica, brašna, skroba, Povrće, korenje i gomolje, prerađeno, Voće pripremljeno i proizvodi, Šećer, melase i med, Čokolada i ostali prehrambeni proizvodi sa kakaom, Stočna hrana (osim žita u zrnu), Jestivi proizvodi i prerađevine, Bezalkoholna pića, Alkoholna pića, Čvrste biljne masti, ulja'meka' i Životinjska i biljne masti, ulja.

Ključne reči

Srbija; Dunavska regija; komparativna prednost; prehrambeno-prerađivački sektor

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