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Psihološka istraživanja
2017, vol. 20, br. 1, str. 89-105
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/PsIstra1701089S

Creative Commons License 4.0
Socijalni faktori van porodice i škole povezani sa osipanjem
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Institut za psihologiju
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: istepano@f.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)

Sažetak

Rad prikazuje sistematizaciju širih socijalnih faktora koji doprinose osipanju u Srbiji iz prespektive Bronfenbrenerovog pristupa. Iako su ovi faktori prepoznati u literaturi i obično povezivani sa zajednicom i obrazovanjem kao sistemom (community and systemic factors), retko su istraživani. Dodatnu inspiraciju predstavlja naše prethodno istraživanje osipanja na studijama slučaja koje se dominantno bavilo porodičnim i školskim faktorima takođe iz ekološke perspektive. Podaci su dobijeni putem polustrukturiranih intervjua sa sledećim grupama ispitanika (uključujući i analizu dostupnih relevantnih statističkih podataka): učenici koji su napustili školu ili su pod rizikom i njihovi roditelji; direktori, psiholozi i pedagozi iz škola sa visokom i niskom stopom osipanja; predstavnici nastavnika, roditelja i učenika iz škola sa visokom stopom osipanja; socijalni radnici zaduženi za škole sa niskom stopom osipanja, predstavnici nacionalnih obrazovnih institucija. Rezultati pokazuju dominaciju faktora sa negativnim uticajem na školovanje dece nad podsticajnim, koji bi mogli preventivno delovati na osipanje. Deformativni uticaji postoje u svim socijalnim nišama: u mikrosistemima (vršnjaci skloni rizičnom ponašanju i siromašno susedstvo), u slabim mezosistemskim vezama škole i porodice sa lokalni institucijama, u egzositemima (nerazvijene regije) do nivoa makrosistema (neefikasna zakonska regulativa, nepovezanost obrazovnih institucija i vladinih resora). Formativni uticaji uočeni su u mezosistemskim vezama škola koje su primer dobre prakse, kao i na nivou makrosistema u vidu prepoznavanja problema osipanja na nacionalnom nivou. Iako preliminarni, dobijeni rezultati predstavljaju korisne i važe smernice za buduća istraživanja.

Ključne reči

osipanje; širi socijalni faktori; kvalitativna analiza podataka; pozitivni i negativni uticaj unutar različitih ekoloških niša

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