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Engrami
2004, vol. 26, iss. 1-2, pp. 39-46
article language: Serbian
document type: Original Scientific Paper

Relationship between philosophy and psychology: Evolution toward coexistence or ideological breakup?
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Klinički centar Srbije

Abstract

The paper analyzes the specificity of the relation between, philosophy and psychology, their common roots, developmental trends, as well as their epistemological distinction. As a philosophical discipline, psychology is classified into rational and empirical philosophy. There are also statements (for example, Jerusalem) that philosophy is derived from psychology. According to modern concepts, psychology is an independent .science, which, however, serves as a necessary starting point to philosophical research. Didactically, the evolution of psychology runs through mythical, philosophical, pre-scientific and scientific phases. Philosophy has tended to give, not only methodological support to psychology, but also to secure it an epistemological instrument. Psycho logy, which is based on a humanistic-personalistic orientation, and also, partially, new branches of psychoanalysis, which belong to the conceptualization of neoanalitical schools, consider the man as an autonomous, open life project, underlining his transcendental nature and his readiness and freedom to bring a decision relatively undisturbed by social factors (thus, having a component of a clear philosophical note). Therefore, philosophy and psychology present two constituents of equal rights in the attempt of the human mind to reach those ultimate truths, even if covered by the cloak of rational, irrational or extremely mechanistic view of the world.

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References

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