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Vojnosanitetski pregled
2016, vol. 73, iss. 4, pp. 397-401
article language: English
document type: Case Report
doi:10.2298/vsp140814087C

Creative Commons License 4.0
Color Doppler imaging features in patients presenting central retinal artery occlusion with and without giant cell arteritis
aDepartment of Neurology, 'Victor Babes' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania
bDepartment of Oftolmology, Military Emergency Hospital, Timisoara, Romania
cDepartment of Ophthalmology, 'Victor Babes' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania
dDepartment of Pharmacology, 'Victor Babes' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania
eDepartment of Internal Medicine - Nephorology, 'Victor Babes' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania

e-mail: mihneam1@gmail.com

Abstract

Introduction. Central retinal artery obstruction (CRAO) represents an abrupt diminution of blood flow through the CRA that is severe enough to cause ischemia of the inner retina with permanent unilateral visual loss. We presented the role of color Doppler imaging (CDI) of orbital vessels and of extracranial duplex sonography (EDS) in the etiological diagnosis of CRAO in two patients with clinical suspicion of unilateral CRAO. Case report. Patients were examined following the protocol which included CDI of orbital vessels and EDS. Both patients had no emboli visible on ophthalmoscopy. The B-scan ultrasound evaluation of the first patient found a small round, moderately reflective echo within the right optic nerve, 1.5 mm behind the optic disc (emboli of cholesterol). CDI of retrobulbar vessels revealed the normal right ophthalmic artery (OA) hemodynamic parameters, but the first patient had no arterial flow signal on CDI at the distance of 1.5 mm behind the right optic disc. In contrast, the left eye had the normal aspect on CDI of retrobulbar vessels. The right internal carotid artery EDS identified a severe stenosis at its origin as CRA's emboli source. The second patient had characteristic CDI findings for giant cell arteritis (GCA) with eye involvement: severe diminished blood flow velocities, especially end-diastolic velocities, in both CRAs. Less abnormalities were observed in the posterior ciliary arteries, and in the ophthalmic arteries. The second patient had no systemic symptoms or signs of GCA. Conclusion. In the presented cases, the ultrasound investigation enabled prompt differentiation between central retinal artery occlusion of embolic mechanism and CRAO caused by GCA.

Keywords

References

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