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Zbornik radova Filozofskog fakulteta u Prištini
2016, br. 46-1, str. 297-318
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/zrffp46-10041
Creative Commons License 4.0
Vršnjački odnosi učenika - razlike s obzirom na intelektualne sposobnosti i uzrast
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet za specijalnu edukaciju i rehabilitaciju

e-adresa: jelic.m@eunet.rs

Sažetak

Problemi sa vršnjacima učestaliji su u populaciji dece sa intelektualnom ometenošću (IO) nego dece tipičnog razvoja (TR). Kao nedostatak istraživanja u ovoj oblasti navodi se heterogenost uzoraka u odnosu na nivo ometenosti i uzrast, a što je značajno za mogućnost planiranja preventivnih programa i ciljnih intervencija. Cilj istraživanja bio je da se ispita povezanost intelektualnog statusa i uzrasta sa vršnjačkim odnosima učenika. U istraživanju je učestvovalo 206 ispitanika, uzrasta od 12 do 18 godina, od čega njih 76 sa lakom IO i 130 TR. Vršnjački odnosi su procenjivani preko Rahimovog inventara organizacijskog konflikta (kompromis, rešavanje problema, popuštanje, izbegavanje i dominacija) i subskale problemi sa vršnjacima Upitnika snage i teškoće. Glavni nalazi su pokazali da mladi sa lakom IO imaju više problema sa vršnjacima od mladih TR. Za razliku od učenika TR, što su stariji, učenici sa lakom IO češće popuštaju i izbegavaju konflikte. Dominacija je na starijem uzrastu manje zastupljena kod obe grupe učenika, a rešavanje problema i kompromis su statistički zastuljeniji kod učenika sa lakom IO nego kod njihovih vršnjaka TR. Zaključeno je da negativno socijalno iskustvo mlade sa lakom IO istovremeno motiviše i na konstuktivne i na destuktivne načine rešavanja međuvršnjačkih konflikata.

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