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Nastava i vaspitanje
2001, vol. 50, br. 1, str. 47-63
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: neklasifikovan
Aspiracije roditelja i učenika prema školskom postignuću
Filozofski fakultet, Banja Luka

Sažetak

U našoj literaturi je malo radova posvećenih aspiracijama roditelja u odnosu na školsko postignuće njihove djece. U ovom radu autori se bave istraživanjem aspiracija roditelja i učenika. Na uzorku od 111 učenika i 207 roditelja otkrili su da aspiracije roditelja često prevazilaze mogućnosti djece, da se ne poklapaju sa njihovim sposobnostima, te da guše motivaciju i negativno utiču na školski uspjeh. Nađeno je, takođe, da odsustvo roditeljskih aspiracija negativno utiče na školski uspjeh djece. U istraživanju je primijenjena faktorska analiza, čijom su primenom kod roditelja (A-forma) i kod učenika (B-forma) nađeni različiti faktori. Učenici su u prvi plan postavili prevelika očekivanja roditelja, a roditelji svoju zainteresovanost za probleme djeteta.Istu problematiku, dakle, roditelji i učenici osmih razreda osnovne kao i drugih razreda srednje škole, vide drugačijim očima. Ono što roditelji iskazuju kao brigu za djecu, djeca doživljavaju kao kontrolu i disciplinovanje. U radu je korišćena savremena literatura, a nalazi istraživanja i teoretske opservacije su korisni za roditelje i nastavnika.

Ključne reči

aspricije; potrebe; školsko postignuće; faktori; ciljevi učenika; roditelji

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