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Ekonomika preduzeća
2017, vol. 65, br. 1-2, str. 175-189
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekopre1702175V


Industrijska politika za Srbiju - matrični pristup
University of Belgrade Faculty of Economics Department of Business Economics and Management

Projekat

Strategijske i taktičke mere za rešavanje krize konkurentnosti realnog sektora u Srbiji (MPNTR - 179050)

Sažetak

Nema mnogo stvari u oblasti ekonomske politike koje su pokrenule toliko polemike u pogledu vrednosti i značaja kao što je slučaj sa industrijskom politikom. Tokom decenija, industrijska politika prolazila je put od obožavanja do potpunog odbacivanja. Glavni 'krivac' za premeštanje industrijske politike sa trona ekonomske politike u kantu za otpatke ekonomske istorije je Vašingtonski konsenzus i neoliberalna doktrina koju je on predstavljao. Nakon što je postalo očigledno da su glavni dobitnici neoliberalne politike u finansijskom sektoru, a naročito nakon završetka bajke 2008. godine, uspavani advokati podigli su ponovo svoj glas. Ovaj rad posvećen je ponovo rođenoj debati povodom neophodnosti industrijske politike u sprovođenju strukturnih reformi ekonomije, dostizanju ravnoteže i održivog rasta. Cilj rada je da se kreira sveobuhvatan skup mera industrijske politike prilagođenih slučaju srpske ekonomije. Kada predlozi dolaze sa akademskog stanovišta oni uzimaju oblik optimalnog okvira za dostizanje odgovarajućih ciljeva. Namera je da se ponudi okvir koji je zasnovan na činjenicama, stimulativan za kreatore ekonomske politike i realističan. Glavni rezultat prezentirane analize je program industrijske politike za Srbiju u formi matrice koja istovremeno daje pregled horizontalnih i sektorskih, odnosno vertikalnih mera. U slučaju strategijski značajnih sektora sa velikim potencijalom za rast, sektorske mere odslikavaju tradicionalne vertikalne politike, dok u drugim slučajevima jednostavno upućuju na poštovanje sektorskih specifičnosti u implementaciji horizontalnih politika. Matrica ukazuje na najvažnije mere ekonomske politike neophodne za podsticanje aktivnosti određenog sektora imajući u vidu njegove specifičnosti i trenutno stanje. Prioritetni sektori odabrani su pažljivo, sa iskrenim verovanjem da predstavljaju istinska uporišta održivog rasta u budućnosti. Ovaj rad nastao je uz podršku profesora D. Đuričina, čiji su korisni saveti, kao i zajednički rad u okviru ranijih istraživanja na ovu temu, doprineli u velikoj meri oblikovanju predstavljenih zaključaka i predloga.

Ključne reči

doktrina industrijske politike; vertikalni pristup; horizontalni pristup; matrični pristup; program industrijske politike za Srbiju; heterodoksni model vođenja ekonomske politike

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