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Panoeconomicus
2008, vol. 55, br. 2, str. 135-156
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.2298/PAN0802135R


Zbogom Vašingtonskom konsenzusu, zdravo Vašingtonskoj pometnji? - kritički osvrt na studiju Svetske banke "Ekonomski rast devedesetih - lekcije na osnovu decenije reformi"
Univerzitet Harvard, SAD

Sažetak

Zagovornici i kritičari se slažu da ekonomske mere inspirisane Vašingtonskim konsenzusom nisu dale željene rezultate. Sadašnja debata stoga nije oko toga da li je Vašingtonski konsenzus živ ili mrtav, već oko toga šta će ga zameniti. Važan tekst u ovoj debati je studija Svetske banke "Ekonomski rast devedesetih: Lekcije na osnovu decenije reformi" (Economic Growth in the 1990s: Learning from a Decade of Reform, 2005). Naglašavajući poniznost, raznovrsnost mera, selektivne i skromne reforme, i potrebu za eksperimentisanjem, ovaj dokument je izvrstan pokazatelj stepena u kom se mišljenje ekonomske javnosti o pitanjima rasta i razvoja transformisalo tokom godina. AH takođe postoje i drugi konkurentni pogledi. Jedan od njih (naglašavan na drugim mestima u Vašingtonu) fokusira se na ekstenzivne institucionalne reforme, dok drugi (prisutan recimo u izdanju Ujedinjenih nacija "Millennium Report") polaže nadu u stranu pomoć. Da bi inteligentno razvrstali ove različite poglede, neophodan je eksplicitno dijagnostički pristup koji prepoznaje da se prepreke rastu razlikuju od konteksta do konteksta.

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