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Psihologija
2018, vol. 51, br. 3, str. 351-375
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 27/09/2018
doi: 10.2298/PSI161031003Z
Creative Commons License 4.0
Test višestrukih rešenja - deo I - razvoj i psihometrijska evaluacija
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za psihologiju
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za medicinska istraživanja

e-adresa: marko.zivanovic@f.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)
Neinvazivna modulacija kortikalne ekscitabilnosti i plasticiteta – Razvoj metoda neinvazivne neuromodulacije centralnog nervnog sistema u ispitivanja fizioloških mehanizama, dijagnostici i terapiji (MPNTR - 175012)

Sažetak

Kako se ljudi van testovnog konteksta retko nalaze u situacijama gde su suočeni sa ograničenim opcijama i samo jednim tačnim odgovorom, pri čemu su svi ostali odgovori podjednako pogrešni, izmena tradicionalnih testova inteligencije (u smislu povećanja fleksibilnosti) može potencijalno da obezbedi obuhvatniju i validniju meru inteligencije. Stoga, cilj ove studije je razvoj i psihometrijska evaluacija testa figuralnog rezonovanja u formi matrica sa višestrukim rešenjima. Za razliku od konvencionalnih testova inteligencije, u ovom testu ispitanici su suočeni sa više od jednog zadatka, tj. oni treba da otkriju: 1) najbolje rešenje - figuru koja najbolje kompletira datu matricu; 2) drugo najbolje rešenje - figuru koja bi najbolje upotpunila matricu ukoliko ne bi bilo prvog, najboljeg odgovora; 3) najmanje tačnu opciju - figuru koja upotpunjava datu matricu na najmanje tačan način. U procesu razvoja testa, konstruisan je početni skup od 80 stavki i zadat uzorku od 41 ispitanika, sa ciljem sticanja uvida u kvalitet i potrebu za prilagođavanjem početnog skupa stavki. Psihometrijske karakteristike instrumenta koji se sastoji od 74 stavke sa tri tipa zadataka proverene su na uzorku od 263 ispitanika, nakon čega je predložena kratka verzija instrumenta. Sva tri zadatka unutar testa, kao i test u celini pokazali su dobra interna psihometrijska svojstva (α najbolje rešenje = .92, α drugo najbolje rešenje = .90, α najmanje tačno rešenje = .87; α ukupni skor = .95) nudeći mogućnost pouzdanog i obuhvatnijeg merenja inteligencije.

Ključne reči

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