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Psihologija
2018, vol. 51, br. 3, str. 377-396
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: originalan članak
objavljeno: 27/09/2018
doi: 10.2298/PSI170205004Z
Creative Commons License 4.0
Test višestrukih rešenja - deo II - evidencija o konstrukt i prediktivnoj validnosti
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, Odeljenje za psihologiju
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Institut za medicinska istraživanja

e-adresa: marko.zivanovic@f.bg.ac.rs

Projekat

Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)
Neinvazivna modulacija kortikalne ekscitabilnosti i plasticiteta – Razvoj metoda neinvazivne neuromodulacije centralnog nervnog sistema u ispitivanja fizioloških mehanizama, dijagnostici i terapiji (MPNTR - 175012)

Sažetak

U ovom istraživanju dopunjujemo podatke o Testu višestrukih rešenja (eng. Mutiple solutions test - MST) ispitujući konstrukt i prediktivnu validnost instrumenta. Za razliku od konvencionalnih matrica gde se traži samo jedno rešenje, MST pred ispitanike postavlja tri tipa problema, tražeći od njih da reše matricu navodeći najbolje, drugo najbolje i najmanje tačno rešenje. U istraživanju je učestvovalo ukupno 235 ispitanika (starosti M = 22.65, SD = 3.33, 199 ženskog pola). Konstrukt validnost svakog od zadataka MST testirana je u odnosu na bateriju intelektualnih sposobnosti KOG9 (N = 156), dok je prediktivna validnost pojedinačnih zadataka i postignuća na testu u celini testirana u odnosu na školsko postignuće koje je operacionalizovano kao prosečna ocena (N = 235). Rezultati su pokazali visoke korelacije između zadataka, ali i ukazali na specifičnosti svakog od njih. Dodatno, dobijene su i razlike u težinama između zadataka, pri čemu je zadatak nalaženja najmanje tačnog rešenja bio najteži, potom zadatak nalaženja drugog najboljeg rešanja i naposletku zadatak nalaženja najboljeg rešenja. Test je pokazao zadovoljavajuću konvergentnu validnost u odnosu na testovne markere Gf/Gv iz KOG9 baterije. MST je pokazao i prediktivnu validnost, kao i inkrementalnu vrednost alternativnih zadataka u odnosu na standardni (kada se školski uspeh uzme za kriterijum), kao i inkrementalnu validnost u predviđanju prosečne ocene u odnosu na KOG9 bateriju. U celini, MST se pokazao kao valjan instrument za procenu inteligencije, a njegovi alternativni zadaci pokazuju potencijal da budu koristan dodatak standardnim matricama sa jednom vrstom rešenja.

Ključne reči

Test višestrukih rešenja (MST); figuralno rezonovanje; fluidna inteligencija (Gf); konstrukt validnost; prediktivna validnost

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