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Fizička kultura
2013, vol. 67, br. 2, str. 91-102
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1302091D


Povezanost prekomerne uhranjenosti i gojaznosti sa motoričkim sposobnostima dece od 9-12 godina
Univerzitet EDUCONS, Fakultet za sport i turizam, Novi Sad

e-adresa: djokicz@eunet.rs

Sažetak

Na uzorku od 757 učenika, 379 dečaka i 378 devojčica, školskog uzrasta od trećeg do šestog razreda, izvršena je procena uhranjenosti, na osnovu BMI, i motoričkog statusa primenom 8 varijabli (3 za procenu uhranjenosti i 5 za procenu posturalnog statusa). Na celokupnom uzorku kod 66.3% učenika ustanovljena je normalna uhranjenost, 18.4% je prekomerno uhranjeno, 15.3% je gojazno. Gojaznošću su najugroženija deca u trećem razredu (21.8%), a prekomernom uhranjenošću u četvrtom (20.1%) i petom (20.9%) razredu. Rezultati ukazuju da postoji statistički značajna razlika između trećeg i šestog razreda, te da nema statistički značajne razlike u učestalosti prekomerne uhranjenosti i gojaznosti u sva četiri razreda, u odnosu na pol. Prekomerna uhranjenost ima negativnu korelaciju sa eksplozivnom snagom donjih ekstremiteta i snagom mišića ruku i ramenog pojasa, dok gojaznost ima negativnu korelaciju sa snagom mišića ruku i ramenog pojasa, brzinom trčanja, snagom mišića trupa i eksplozivnom snagom mišića opružača nogu. Značajna statistička povezanost je izostala kod fleksibilnosti. Rezultati pokazuju da postoji statistički značajna razlika u brzini trčanja, snazi mišića ruku i ramenog pojasa, snazi mišića trupa i eksplozivnoj snazi nogu između prekomerno uhranjenih i gojaznih učenika. Značajna razlika nije primećena kod vrednosti testa za procenu fleksibilnosti. Generalno, deca koja su prekomerno uhranjena i gojazna, imaju znatno umanjene motoričke sposobnosti u odnosu na normalno uhranjenu decu, posebno u domenu ispoljavanja snage.

Ključne reči

status uhranjenosti; snaga; fleksibilnost; brzina

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