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2012, vol. 41, iss. 3, pp. 37-41
Obesity as a risk factor for type 2 Diabetes mellitus in a population of Niš
aInstitut za javno zdravlje, Niš
bUniveristy of Niš, Faculty of Medicine
cZdravstveni centar, Surdulica
Introduction. Obesity is considered a major risk factor for type 2 Diabetes mellitus (DM) in the population of North America and Europe. The aim of the study was to show the importance of obesity as a risk factor for type 2 DM in the population of the city of Nis. Method. Case-control study was done.The study involved 200 persons aged from 40 to 60 from the urban area of the city of Nis. Two groups were formed. In the first group there were 100 newly diagnostic patients and in the secon one, there were 100 healthy controls. To form control group Friedman's criteria were used. the cases and controls were matched by gender, age, and by the place of living. In order to determine the nutritional status antropomethical measures wee done. Body mass Index (BMI) was also calculated. Chi square test was used and cross ratio was determined to (OR). Results. In the group of patients there were significantly more obese than in the control group (77% vs 51%, X2 = 11.563> X2 (1 and 0,001) = 10.827 and pX2 (1 and 0.01) = 6.635 and p<0,01; OR=3,2). There is a statistically significant difference in the distribution of obesity in patients with women and women from the control group (X2=12,656>X2(1 i 0,01)=10,827 and p<0,001; OR= 4,1). In the age group from 50 to 64 years was a higher percentage of overweight and moderately obese persons, while in the age group 40-49 years a number of respondents who were normally fed. We found the difference is not statistically significant. Conclusion. Obesity is a significant group of patients included in the men and women compared with healthy subjects from the control group.
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article language: Serbian
document type: Professional Paper
DOI: 10.5937/ZZ1203037I
published in SCIndeks: 22/03/2013