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2010, br. 2, str. 85-114
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak

Kineska teorija community policing-a
Center of Criminology, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China

Sažetak

Ovaj članak upoznaje čitaoce sa radikalno drugačijom teorijom opštinske policije, tj. 'community policing-a'. 'Moć policije kao teorija društvenog sredstva' ('SRT'), predstavlja kinesku političku filozofiju ('mass line') i iskustva u funkcionisanju policije ('renmin jingcha'). SRT se bavi sa tri glavna pitanja: Koja je uloga i funkcija policije? Koji je odnos policije i ljudi? Zašto se ljudi obraćaju policiji? SRT analizira krivično delo i policiju iz perspektive ljudi, a ne iz ugla države. Iz perspektive pojedinca, zločini su lični problemi, a problemi su dalje neispunjena očekivanja koji proizilaze iz nedostatka sredstava, dok policija predstavlja društveno sredstvo dostupno ljudima radi rešavanja njihovih ličnih problema. U pogledu ustanovljenja, SRT predstavlja humanističku teoriju naroda, teoriju demokratske vladavine, teoriju ovlašćivanja i teoriju samopomoći.

Ključne reči

kineska policija; opštinska policija; policija usmerena na rešavanje problema; kineska teorija policije; policija kao samo-pomoć; policija kao društveno sredstvo

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