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2009, vol. 54, br. 1, str. 81-94
Aditivi u hrani - seme, biljna ulja i retke lekovite biljke kao izvori fitosterola i aroma
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Poljoprivredni fakultet, Odsek/institut za prehrambenu tehnologiju i biohemiju

e-adresammmilova@agrifaculty.bg.ac.yu
Sažetak
Opisane su dve biljne vrste roda Anthriscus (A. sylvestris and A. cerefolium) i biljka Laserpitium latifolium L. kao novi izvori specifičnih aroma i fitosterola. Ove lekovite biljke poseduju medicinske vrednosti i veoma su rasprostranjene u flori Srbije. Koriste se u tradicionalnoj medicini, ali ne i kao aditivi u hrani. Dalje, dve dobro poznate biljke Mentha piperita L. (nana) i Thymus vulgaris L. (majčina dušica), kao i manje poznata Alliaria officinalis Andrz. su prikazane kao izvori visoko cenjenih esencijalnih ulja, u nekoliko domaćih divljih sorti. Ove biljke se koriste u kulinarstvu. Seme kvinoje, predstavlja mnogostruko vrednu agrokulturu, poseduje visoke nutritivne vrednosti, a koristi se kao brašno u humanoj ishrani i kao stočna hrana. Potom, seme lubenice, kao sačma, poseduje dobre nutritvne kvalitete, pa se preporučuje kao nova hrana u humanoj i stočnoj ishrani. Prikazan je sastav retkih biljnih ulja semena maline, crne borovnice i oraha, odredjen je sadržaj sterola i esencijalnih masnih kiselina, kao i uslovi za njihovu primenu u kulinarstvu. Prikazani su zdravstveni efekti prisustva fitosterola u hrani, jer smanjuju nivo slabo rastvornog holesterola, pa se smanjenje rizik od kardiovaskularnih obolenja. Na kraju, dat je i nutritivni značaj i potrebe za dnevnim unosima namirnica bogatih u sadržaju biljnih sterola.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.2298/JAS0901081M
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 23.04.2009.

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