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Godišnjak Fakulteta sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
2007-2008, iss. 15, pp. 60-79
article language: Serbian
document type: Scientific Paper
Identification of motor-talented pupils of junior school age
Visoka škola strukovnih studija za obrazovanje vaspitača 'Mihailo Palov', Vršac

Abstract

This research concerns the problem of the possibility to identify motor gifted children within the range of Physical Education by the techniques of motor testing and recognition conducted by teachers and parents. The research was conducted on a sample of 503 children aged 10 who attended the fourth grade of all primary schools in Vrsac. Especially constructed and valid battery of 14 motor tasks was used for the identification of motor gifted children by the technique of motor testing aimed at assessment of general motor abilities in preschool children (coordination, speed, strength, power, flexibility and endurance): Standing long jump (SDALJ), Endurance in pull-up position (ZGIB), Sit-ups in 20 seconds (PSED), 15 meter sprint from running start (TR15), Hand-tapping (TAPR), Agility run 10x5 m (ČUTR), Shuttle run on 20 m track (ŠATL), Training ground with jumping and pulling through (POLI), Rhythmic jumping (RITS), Targeting (TGAĐ), Crossbar standing on one leg (RAVL), Flamingo balance test with eyes closed (FLAM), Sit and reach (PRSE) and Deep sit and reach on the bench (DPKL). Especially constructed and valid observational scales of LIKERT type were used for the needs of the technique of recognition of motor gifted children conducted by teachers and parents. The data was processed by using basic descriptive and comparative statistic determinants. The primary hypothesis of this research has been partly confirmed. It has been confirmed that there is a significant correlation between the technique of motor testing and the recognition conducted by a teacher. Teachers are successful in recognizing potentially motor gifted children as they have successfully recognized 55,2 % of motor gifted children previously identified by the technique of motor testing. No statistically significant correlation between the technique of motor testing and the technique of recognition conducted by parents has been confirmed. Parents in this research have not been successful in recognizing motor gift in their children as they recognized only 29,7 % of motor gifted children. Besides identification, the paper deals with the relation between motor development of motor gifted children with morphological characteristics, characteristics of early motor development, intellectual abilities and interest in physical activities. Motor gifted children are statistically significantly different from children who have not been assumed to be motor gifted in certain morphological characteristics (in Body mass - MAST, Chest circumference - OGRU, Skin fold of the back - KNLE and Abdominal skin fold - KNTR in favor of the control group of boys and Body height - VIST in favor of potential motor gifted girls), time when they began to walk and involvement and achievements in sport. There are no statistically significant differences in intellectual abilities, as well as involvement and achievements in extra curriculum activities and additional work in Physical Education. The results from this research can serve as a basis for a reliable identification of motor gifted pupils and further work with them in the range of Physical Education, extra-curriculum activities and special school programmes for the gifted in sport.

Keywords

identification; motor giftedness; motor abilities; 10-year-old children; physical education

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