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Fizička kultura
2018, vol. 72, br. 2, str. 161-169
jezik rada: srpski, engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/fizkul1802161O

Creative Commons License 4.0
Sociodemografske i psihološke karakteristike učenika kao prediktori stava prema fizičkom vaspitanju
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet sporta i fizičkog vaspitanja
bUniverzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet

e-adresa: anaorlic@gmail.com

Projekat

Efekti primenjene fizičke aktivnosti na lokomotorni, metabolički, psiho-socijalni i vaspitni status populacije R Srbije (MPNTR - 47015)
Identifikacija, merenje i razvoj kognitivnih i emocionalnih kompetencija važnih društvu orijentisanom na evropske integracije (MPNTR - 179018)

Sažetak

Stav učenika prema fizičkom vaspitanju (FV) je jedan od važnih pokazatelja uključenosti u nastavu i fizičke aktivnosti van škole. Osnovni cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da se ispita prediktivna vrednost sociodemografskih i psiholoških karakteristika učenika ranog i srednjeg adolescentnog uzrasta u formiranju stava prema FV. Ispitivani su pol, uzrast, akademski self-koncept u FV i stanje anksioznosti u FV. Pored toga, proverena je povezanost stavova prema FV sa uspešnošću u nastavi FV i bavljenju fizičkim aktivnostima van škole. Uzorkom je obuhvaćen 251 učenik osnovne i srednje škole, od 13 do 17 godina. Od instrumenata su primenjeni Skala stavova prema fizičkom vaspitanju (PEAS), Academic Self-Description Questionnaire (ASDQ II) i Physical Education State Anxiety Scale (PESAS) sa supskalama: somatska anksioznost, kognitivni procesi i briga, kao i dodatni upitnik sa pitanjima o polu, uzrastu, oceni iz FV i bavljenju fizičkim aktivnostima van škole. Rezultati su pokazali da su stavovi prema FV u pozitivnoj korelaciji sa akademskim self-konceptom u FV, a u negativnoj korelaciji sa sve tri komponente stanja anksioznosti u FV. Rezultati hijerarhijske multiple regresije ukazuju da su značajni prediktori stava učenika prema FV, akademski self-koncept u FV i somatska komponeta stanja anksioznosti u FV. Takođe, pokazano je da su stavovi učenika povezani sa uspešnošću u FV i bavljenjem fizičkim aktivnostima van škole. Zaključeno je, da je u cilju formiranja pozitivnih stavova prema FV, potrebno kod učenika jačati akademski self-koncept u FV i stvoriti nastavnu klimu u kojoj će učenici doživljavati pozitivna emocionalna iskustva.

Ključne reči

akademski self-koncept u FV; stanje anksioznosti u FV; pol; uzrast; fizička aktivnost

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