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Anali Pravnog fakulteta u Beogradu
2018, vol. 66, br. 3, str. 210-234
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: članak
doi:10.5937/AnaliPFB1803210K

Creative Commons License 4.0
Federalizam i izgradnja poretka - proces ili odluka?
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Fakultet političkih nauka

e-adresa: kovacevic.bojan.bg@gmail.com

Sažetak

Nasuprot preovlađujućem pristupu današnjih ustavnih pravnika koje zanima isključivo normalno funkcionisanje federalnih sistema, u članku tvrdimo da je proučavanje načina na koji se federacija, uhvaćena u zamku vanrednog stanja, suočava sa decizionističkim ili-ili, pitanjem od odlučujućeg značaja za razumevanje izazova složenih političkih zajednica u epohi krize. Članak je podeljen na tri dela. U prvom delu analiziramo tri osnovna pitanja koja klasični teoretičar decizionizma Karl Šmit (Carl Schmitt) upućuje federalistima: ko je čuvar federalnog ustava, šta obezbeđuje paralelnu političku egzistenciju federacije i njenih sastavnih jedinica i kakav je odnos između federalizma i demokratije? U drugom delu predstavljamo argumente nekih od najvažnijih savremenih teoretičara federalizma koji negiraju značaj decizionističkog ili-ili pitanja za razumevanje ustavne prirode složenih političkih zajednica. Na kraju se spuštamo sa visina teorijskih rasprava na čvrsto tlo istorije kako bismo odgovor na pitanje utemeljenosti decizionističkog i federalističkog pristupa potražili u konkretnom iskustvu složenih političkih zajednica.

Ključne reči

federalizam; decizionizam; Karl Šmit; čuvar ustava; demokratija; kriza

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