Metrika članka

  • citati u SCindeksu: 0
  • citati u CrossRef-u:0
  • citati u Google Scholaru:[=>]
  • posete u poslednjih 30 dana:17
  • preuzimanja u poslednjih 30 dana:9
članak: 1 od 1  
Strani pravni život
2019, br. 3, str. 5-16
jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
doi:10.5937/spz63-22484


Izbeglice i promene u životnoj sredini u međunarodnom pravu
Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu, Beograd

e-adresa: dtodic@ymail.com

Projekat

Srbija u savremenim međunarodnim odnosima: Strateški pravci razvoja i učvršćivanja položaja Srbije u međunarodnim integrativnim procesima – spoljnopolitički, međunarodni ekonomski, pravni i bezbednosni aspekti (MPNTR - 179029)

Sažetak

Cilj rada je sagledavanje položaja izbeglica čiji su uzroci izbeglištva u promenama u stanju životne sredine ("ekološke izbeglice"). U prvom delu rada se ukazuje na teorijski kontekst i opšti pravni okvir kojim je uređeno pitanje položaja izbeglica u međunarodnom izbegličkom pravu. Analiziraju se odredbe sadržane u Konvenciji o statusu izbeglica (1951) sa Protokolom (1967). Razmatra se, pre svega, pitanje načina kako je u Konvenciji regulisan položaj izbeglica čiji se uzroci izbeglištva mogu pripisati promenama u životnoj sredini. Drugi deo rada je posvećen ispitivanju relevantnih odredbi međunarodnog prava životne sredine sa stanovišta načina kako se ovaj deo normi međunarodnog prava odnosi prema pitanju prisilnih migracija. Ukazuje se i na odredbe dva najnovija međunarodna dokumenta od potencijalnog značaja za izbeglice i životnu sredinu (Nacrt globalnog dogovora za sigurnu, urednu i regularnu migraciju, 2019, i Nacrt globalnog pakta za životnu sredinu, 2017). U zaključku se naglašava potreba jasnijeg uređivanja položaja izbeglica kroz odgovarajuće izmene i dopune u obe oblasti međunarodnog prava: međunarodnog izbegličkog prava i međunarodnog prava životne sredine.

Ključne reči

izbeglice; migracije; životna sredina; ekološke izbeglice; međunarodno izbegličko pravo

Reference

*** (2017) Draft global pact for the environment. https://globalpactenvironment.org/uploads/EN.pdf (2.6.2019)
*** (2018) Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on 19 December 2018, 73/195 Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration. https://undocs.org/en/A/RES/73/195 (2.6.2019)
Abel, G.J., Brottrager, M., Crespo, C.J., Muttarak, R. (2019) Climate, conflict and forced migration. Global Environmental Change, 54, 239-249
Adamo, S.B. (2010) Environmental migration and cities in the context of global environmental change. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 2(3), 161-165
Adams, H., Kay, S. (2019) Migration as a human affair: Integrating individual stress thresholds into quantitative models of climate migration. Environmental Science & Policy, 93, 129-138
Aguila, Y., Viñuales, J.E., ur. (2019) A global pact for the environment: Legal foundations. Cambridge: C-EENRG
Ambrosetti, E., Petrillo, E.R. (2016) Environmental disasters, migration and displacement: Insights and developments from L'Aquila's case. Environmental Science & Policy, 56, 80-88
Arulanantham, A.T. (2000) Restructured safe havens: A proposal for reform of the refugee protection system. Human Rights Quarterly, 22(1), 1-56
Aunan, K., Wang, S. (2014) Internal migration and urbanization in China: Impacts on population exposure to household air pollution (2000-2010). Science of The Total Environment, 481, 186-195
Azil (2017) Tumačenje člana 1. Konvencije o statusu izbeglice iz 1951. godine (2001). http://azil.rs/azil_novi/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Tumacenje-clana-1.-Konvencije-o-statusu-izbeglica-iz-1951.-go.pdf (11.2.2019)
Berchin, I.I., Valduga, I.B., Garcia, J., de Andrade, G.J.B.S.O. (2017) Climate change and forced migrations: An effort towards recognizing climate refugees. Geoforum, 84, 147-150
Black, R., Arnell, N.W., Adger, N.W., Thomas, D., Geddes, A. (2013) Migration, immobility and displacement outcomes following extreme events. Environmental Science & Policy, 27, S32-S43
Black, R., Adger, N.W., Arnell, N.W., Dercon, S., Geddes, A., Thomas, D. (2011) The effect of environmental change on human migration. Global Environmental Change, 21(Supplement 1), pp. S3-S11
Borges, I.M. (2019) Environmental change, forced displacement and international law, from legal protection gaps to protection solutions. London - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group
Chen, J., Chen, S., Landry, P.F. (2013) Migration, environmental hazards, and health outcomes in China. Social Science & Medicine, 80, 85-95
Collins, A.E. (2013) Applications of the disaster risk reduction approach to migration influenced by environmental change. Environmental Science & Policy, 27(1), S112-S125
Dowty, A., Loescher, G. (1996) Refugee flows as grounds for international action. International Security, 21(1), 43-71
European Commission (2008) Climate change and international security. https://www.consilium.europa.eu/media/30862/en_clim_change_low.pdf (12.6.2019)
Farbotko, C., Lazrus, H. (2012) The first climate refugees?: Contesting global narratives of climate change in Tuvalu. Global Environmental Change, 22(2), 382-390
Fielding, A.J. (2011) The impacts of environmental change on UK internal migration. Global Environmental Change, 21(1), S121-S130
Findlay, A.M. (2011) Migrant destinations in an era of environmental change. Global Environmental Change, 21(Supplement 1), pp. S50-S58
Fussell, E., Hunter, L.M., Gray, C.L. (2014) Measuring the environmental dimensions of human migration: The demographer's toolkit. Global Environmental Change, 28, 182-191
Geddes, A., Adger, W.N., Arnell, N.W., Black, R., Thomas, D. (2012) Migration, environmental change and the 'challenges of governance'. Environmental and Planning C: Government and Policy, 30(6), pp. 951-967
Gemenne, F., Brucker, P., Ionesko, D. (2014) The state of the environmental migration 2014: A review of 2013. https://publications.iom.int/system/files/ pdf/state_environmental_migration_2014_0.pdf (11.4.2019)
Grečić, V., Vekarić, V., Todić, D. (2014) Migration Law in Serbia. Alphen aan den Rijn: Wolters Kluwer
Hakovirta, H. (1993) The global refugee problem: A model and its application. International Political Science Review/Revue Internationale De Science Politique, 14(1), pp. 35-57, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1601374
Hugo, G. (2011) Future demographic change and its interactions with migration and climate change. Global Environmental Change, 21(Supplement 1), pp. S21-S33
IOM (2018) Mapping human mobility (migration, displacement and planned relocation) and climate change in international processes, policies and legal frameworks. https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/WIM%20TFD%20II.2%20Output.pdf (11.4.2019)
IOM (2018) Global migration indicators 2018. https://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/global_migration_indicators_2018.pdf (11.4.2019)
Koubi, V., Spilker, G., Schaffer, L., Bernauer, T. (2016) Environmental stressors and migration: Evidence from Vietnam. World Development, 79, 197-210
Leal-Arcas, R. (2012) Climate migrants: Legal options. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 37, 86-96
Lister, M. (2013) Who are refugees?. Law and Philosophy, 32(5), pp. 645-671
Martin, A. (2005) Environmental conflict between refugee and host communities. Journal of Peace Research, 42(3), 329-346, www.jstor.org/stable/30042304
Melde, S. (2014) Migration, environment and climate change: Evidence for policy (MECLEP) glossary. Geneva: International Organization for Migration, http://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/meclep_glossary_en.pdf?language=en (12.6.2019)
Melde, S., Laczko, F., Gemenne, F., ur. (2017) Making mobility work for adaptation to environmental changes: Results from the MECLEP global research. Geneva: International Organization for Migration, https://publications.iom.int/system/files/pdf/meclep_comparative_report.pdf (12.6.2019)
Mesić, M., Župarić-Iljić, D. (2014) Promjene u okolišu i ljudske migracije. Migracijske i etničke teme, 3, 331-354
Morrissey, J.W. (2013) Understanding the relationship between environmental change and migration: The development of an effects framework based on the case of northern Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change, 23(6), 1501-1510
Nesseef, L. (2018) Političke posledice migracija izazvanih ekološkim katastrofama. Fakultet političkih nauka, Univerzitet u Beogradu, 17-119, Doktorska disertacija
Neumann, K., Sietz, D., Hilderink, H., Janssen, P., Kok, M., van Dijk, H. (2015) Environmental drivers of human migration in drylands: A spatial picture. Applied Geography, 56, 116-126
Piguet, E. (2013) From 'primitive Migration' to 'climate refugees': The curious fate of the natural environment in Migration studies. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103(1), 148-162
Pires, R.E. (2013) Climate change, disasters and migration: Current challenges to international law. u: Ruppel O., Roschmann C., Ruppel-Schlichting K. [ur.] Climate Change: International Law and Global Governance, Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft GmbH, 739-760
Ransan-Cooper, H., Farbotko, C., McNamara, K.E., Thornton, F., Chevalier, E. (2015) Being(s) framed: The means and ends of framing environmental migrants. Global Environmental Change, 35, 106-115
Roper, S.D., Barria, L.A. (2010) Burden sharing in the funding of the UNHCR: Refugee protection as an impure public good. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 54(4), 616-637, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20773710
Ruppel, O.C. (2013) Intersections of law and cooperative Global climate governance-challenges in the anthropocene. u: Ruppel O., Roschmann C., Ruppel-Schlichting K. [ur.] Climate Change: International Law and Global Governance: Volume I: Legal Responses and Global Responsibility, Baden-Baden: Nomos Publishers, 29-94
Ruppel, O.C., van Wyk, S. (2013) Climate-change-induced movement of persons in Africa: Human rights responses to aspects of human security. u: Ruppel O., Roschmann C., Ruppel-Schlichting K. [ur.] Climate Change: International Law and Global Governance: Volume II: Policy, Diplomacy and Governance in a Changing Environment, Baden-Baden: Nomos, 799-826, www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctv941vsk.34
Selby, J., Dahi, O.S., Fröhlich, C., Hulme, M. (2017) Climate change and the Syrian civil war revisited. Political Geography, 60, 232-244
Thiri, M.A. (2017) Social vulnerability and environmental Migration: the case of Miyagi prefecture after the great East Japan earthquake. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 25, 212-226
Todić, D. (2018) Ujedinjene nacije, međunarodni ugovori i životna sredina. Beograd: Institut za međunarodnu politiku i privredu
Todić, D. (2016) Pariski sporazum o klimi u sistemu međunarodnih ugovora od značaja za EU integracije Republike Srbije. Evropsko zakonodavstvo, br. 58, 111-129
Todić, D. (1995) 'Not-refoulement' kao princip međunarodnog prava. Jugoslovenska revija za međunarodno pravo, vol. 42, br. 1-3, str. 245-259
Warner, K. (2010) Global environmental change and migration: Governance challenges. Global Environmental Change, 20(3), 402-413