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Ekonomika poljoprivrede
2018, vol. 65, br. 1, str. 307-321
jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
doi:10.5937/ekoPolj1801307D

Creative Commons License 4.0
Panel analiza profitabilnosti u industriji prerade voća i povrća u Srbiji
Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Ekonomski fakultet, Subotica

e-adresa: stojankad@ef.uns.ac.rs, mijick@ef.uns.ac.rs

Sažetak

Cilj ovog rada je da identifikuje faktore koji utiču na profitabilnost odabranih kompanija u okviru sektora za preradu voća i povrća u Srbiji. Profitabilnost je merena preko analitičkog pokazatelja stope povrata imovine (ROA). Analiza profitabilnosti ukazuje na pozitivnu, ali relativno nisku profitabilnost. Grupu nezavisnih varijabli čine veličina preduzeća, koeficijent zaduženosti, tekuća likvidnost, koeficijent zaliha, rast prodaje i koeficijent obrta kapitala. Analizom je obuhvaćen period od 2007. do 2015. godine (9 godina) i uključuje podatke iz 198 opservacija u okviru industrije za preradu voća i povrća u Srbiji. Panel regresioni model je izgrađen. Rezultati sprovedene panel analize pokazali su da su rast prodaje i koeficijent obrta kapitala ispoljili statistički značajan uticaj na profitabilnost kao meru uspešnosti preduzeća iz oblasti industrije za preradu voća. Veličina preduzeća je ispoljila statistički značajan uticaj na profitabilnost preduzeća pri nivou signifikantnosti od 10%.

Ključne reči

panel analiza; profitabilnost; stopa povrata imovine; preduzeća zapreradu voća i povrća

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