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2019, vol. 67, br. 1-2, str. 147-166
Preduzetničko obrazovanje u funkciji razvoja veština za četvrtu industrijsku revoluciju
aBelgrade Business School + Ekonomski institut, Beograd
bUniverzitet u Banjoj Luci, Ekonomski fakultet, Republika Srpska, BiH
Ključne reči: preduzetničko obrazovanje; veštine; tržište rada; Učenička kompanija; mini kompanija; obrazovanje; Srbija
Sažetak
Nove tehnologije dovode do promena modela poslovanja. Veštine potrebne za obavljanje većine poslova se značajno menjaju. Sticanje i razvoj veština postaju ključni za uspešnost i modernizaciju tržišta rada kako bi ono moglo pružiti nove oblike fleksibilnosti i sigurnosti za one koji traže posao, zaposlene i poslodavce. U eri automatizacije pored neophodnosti razvoja bazičnih digitalnih veština kod svih, i naprednih digitalnih veština za određenu grupu radnika, rastu potrebe za razvojem socijalnih i emocionalnih veština. Razvoj kreativnosti, inovativnosti, analitičkog i kritičkog mišljenja, komunikativnosti, veštine pregovaranja, odlučivanja, emocionalne inteligencije dobijaju na značaju. Navedene veštine predstavljaju sastavni deo preduzetničke kompetencije i razvijaju se kroz preduzetničko obrazovanje. U svetu se danas tom obrazovanju ne pristupa samo u užem smislu, kao procesu pripremanja za kreiranje biznisa, već u jednom širem kontekstu, kao procesu razvoja preduzetničkog načina razmišljanja, preduzetničkih veština i ličnih kvaliteta koji imaju univerzalnu upotrebu. Postoji više pristupa, metoda i modela preduzetničkog obrazovanja. Srbija još uvek nema jasno definisanu strategiju razvoja ove vrste obrazovanja. Sa željom davanja preporuka za izbor optimalnih rešenja, sprovedeno je istraživanje procene efekata jednog od metoda preduzetničkog obrazovanja, 'Učeničke kompanije', u okviru našeg obrazovnog sistema. Ovaj metod, koji se bazira na iskustvenom učenju i realizuje se u srednjim školama, na globalnom nivou je prepoznat kao model dobre prakse. Istraživanje je pokazalo, prema oceni 175 nastavnika koji više godina učestvuju u realizaciji programa, da metod 'Učenička kompanija' i kod nas daje odlične rezultate. To govori u prilog uključivanja ovog modela, kao neformalnog oblika obrazovanja, u sve srednje škole u Srbiji.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/EkoPre1808147K
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 21.03.2019.

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