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2015, vol. 24, br. 2, str. 99-108
Klijanje semena pet korovskih vrsta pod različitim temperaturnim i svetlosnim uslovima
aUniverzitet u Beogradu, Biološki fakultet
bAkademija nauka i umjetnosti Republike Srpske, Banja Luka, Republika Srpska, BiH
cInstitut za zaštitu bilja i životnu sredinu, Beograd
dUniverzitet u Beogradu, Šumarski fakultet
eInstitut za pesticide i zaštitu životne sredine, Beograd

e-adresavladan.jovanovic@pesting.org.rs
Projekat:
Proučavanje biljnih patogena, artropoda, korova i pesticida u cilju razvoja metoda bioracionalne zaštite bilja i proizvodnje bezbedne hrane (MPNTR - 31043)
Integralni sistemi gajenja ratarskih useva: očuvanje biodiverziteta i plodnosti zemljišta (MPNTR - 31037)

Sažetak
Uz prisustvo neophodnih faktora klijanja (voda, kiseonik, biljni hormoni), temperatura i svetlost se mogu smatrati najvažnijim činiocima koji utiču na klijanje semena. Cilj naših istraživanja je bio da se odrede vrednosti temperature i odgovarajući režimi svetlosti pogodni za klijanje semena Artemisia vulgaris L., Amaranthus retroflexus L., Ambrosia artemisiifolia L., Cephalaria transsilvanica (L.) Schrader i Stellaria media (L.) Vill. u kontrolisanim uslovima. Prikupljena semena su nakon sušenja čuvana do početka eksperimenta u mraku, na sobnoj temperaturi. Semena su isklijavana u staklenim Petri kutijama, u destilovanoj vodi. Semena Amaranthus retroflexus, Ambrosia artemisiifolia i Artemisia vulgaris su prethodno stratifikovana. Temperature na kojima je vršeno isklijavanje semena su se razlikovale za različite vrste. Semena su isklijavana na svetlosi i/ili u mraku. Dobijeni rezultati eksperimenta pokazuju da svetlost ili nije imala uticaja, ili su semena bolje klijala na svetlosti. Semena Amaranthus retroflexus i Artemisia vulgaris su klijala bez statistički značajne razlike u čitavom dijapazonu ispitivanih temperatura, dok su semena preostalih ispitivanih vrsta imala uži opseg povoljnih temperatura za klijanje.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/ActaHerb1502099P
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 28.12.2018.