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2020, vol. 26, br. 2, str. 21-29
Uloga hibrida kukuruza u aktuelnim trendovima proizvodnje bioetanola
Institut za kukuruz 'Zemun polje', Beograd-Zemun

e-adresavalentinas@mrizp.rs
Projekat:
This study was supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia

Sažetak
Bioetanol je biogorivo koje se uglavnom koristi kao zamena za fosilna goriva širom sveta, a godišnja proizvodnja dostigla je gotovo 110 milijardi litara u 2019. godini. Trendovi proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva rastu, a kukuruz se smatra jednom od najboljih obnovljivih sirovina za proizvodnju bioetanola zahvaljujući visokom sadržaju skroba u zrnu. Uzimajući u obzir da je Srbija jedan od najistaknutijih proizvođača kukuruza u Evropi, viškovi useva ove poljoprivredne kulture mogli bi se usmeriti ka proizvodnji bioetanola. Iako u Srbiji ne postoji organizovana proizvodnja i potrošnja bioetanola kao transportnog goriva, Vlada Republike Srbije nedavno je usvojila nekoliko novih uredbi u vezi sa stavljanjem u promet, obeležavanjem i potrošnjom biogoriva. Međutim, zbog smanjenja ekonomskih aktivnosti od početka pandemije virusa COVID-19 tokom 2020. godine, globalna potražnja za sirovom naftom naglo je opala, što je negativno uticalo na potražnju za benzinom, a time i za bioetanolom, zbog čega je budućnost proizvodnje ovog alternativnog goriva za sada u velikoj meri neizvesna.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/SelSem2002021N
primljen: 18.09.2020.
prihvaćen: 31.10.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 19.01.2021.
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