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2021, vol. 72, br. 3, str. 78-86
Psihičko zdravlje i pandemija COVID-19 - pregled literature
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Medicinski fakultet, Institut za mentalno zdravlje

e-adresanadja.maric-bojovic@med.bg.ac.rs
Projekat:
Ovaj rad je podržan od strane Fonda za nauku Republike Srbije, broj ugovora #7528289 - CoV2Soul.RS - specijalni istraživački program COVID-19

Sažetak
Psihičko zdravlje i bolest odražavaju biopsihosocijalni balans/disbalans i prostiru se u višedimenzionalnom prostoru. U aktuelnoj pandemiji celokupan prostor psihičkog zdravlja/bolesti pod povišenim je rizikom od kontaminacije ne samo infektivnim već i mnogim drugim aspektima ove višeslojne krizne situacije. Postoje najmanje tri mehanizma putem kojih pandemija COVID-19 može da stvori psihičke smetnje de novo: 1) psihološki faktor - povišen stepen emocionalne patnje nakon izrazito jakih traumatičnih događaja ili dugotrajne životne ugroženosti; 2) socijalni faktor - rizici koji se tiču interakcija sa okruženjem: a) emocionalna deprivacija; b) kognitivna dezintegracija u vezi sa infodemijom i c) egzistencijalni, najpre ekonomski strahovi koji destabilizuju odnose (u porodici i šire); 3) biološki faktor - neuropsihijatrijski efekti samog virusa. Pored de novo efekata, pandemija može uticati i na osobe koje već imaju istoriju psihičkih poremećaja. Ovaj pregledni rad će predstaviti najvažnije informacije iz relevantnih izvora u vezi sa mentalnim zdravljem i pandemijom COVID-19 koje se odnose uglavnom na prvu godinu izlaganja. Akcenat će biti na istraživanjima koja su privukla pažnju veličinom i reprezentativnošću uzorka, kao i pouzdanom metodologijom, sa ciljem da se ne izgubi iz vida ni heterogenost efekata pandemije na duševno zdravlje.
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O članku

jezik rada: srpski
vrsta rada: pregledni članak
DOI: 10.5937/mp72-32877
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 28.10.2021.
metod recenzije: dvostruko anoniman
Creative Commons License 4.0

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