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2020, vol. 45, br. 4, str. 29-39
Fizičke osobine ploda i semena jabuke Afrička zvezda
aMichael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria
bFederal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Nigeria
cYaba College of Technology, Lagos, Nigeria

e-adresaaustin.igbozulike@gmail.com
Ključne reči: Plodovi i semena jabuke Afrička zvezda; zapremina i stvarna gustina; dimenzije; naknadna berba
Sažetak
Ovo istraživanje prikazuje fizičke osobine plodova i semena jabuke Afrička zvezda (Chrisophillum albidum). Dimenzije su merene preciznim pomičnim merilom (nonijus-mikrometar). Karakteristične dimenzije izračunate pomo u odgovaraju ih relacija i jednačina. Zapremina, poroznost, ugao nagiba i koeficijent trenja po podlozi za tri površine različitih materijala utvrđeni su standardnim metodama iz literature. Rezultat studije je pokazao da su prosečne velike, srednje i male dimenzije jabuke bile: 47,95 mm, 43,70 mm i 41,35 mm za plodove, odnosno 26,05 mm, 15,12 mm i 6,07 mm za seme jabuke. Gustina, indeks oblika i težina hiljadu plodova, dobijeni su kao 40,61 mm3 , 0,95 i 48,34 kg, dok su semena dobijena kao 1,69 mm3 , 0,95 i 1,28 kg, retrospektivno. Utvrđeno je da su stvarna gustina, zapreminska težina i poroznost plodova 1710 kg/m3 , 1550 kg/m3 , odnosno 52,63 %, dok je određeno da je gustina semena 950 kg/m3 , 570 kg/m3 i 40,25 % retrospektivno. Dobijena sferičnost plodova i semena jabuke iznosila je 0,94, odnosno 0,55. Utvrđeno da je ugao mirovanja (nema kotrljanja) za plodove 3,02°, odnosno za seme 13,50°. Koeficijenti trenja po šper ploči, mekanom čeliku i pocinkovanom čeliku su vrednosti 0,30; 0,24, i 0,20 za plodove, odnosno 0,52; 0,46 i 0,39 za semena jabuke. Empirijski podaci iz ove studije pomo i e istraživačima u dizajnu i razvoju sistema čuvanja za plodove i semena jabuke Afrička zvezda (Chrisophillum albidum) posle berbe.
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O članku

jezik rada: engleski
vrsta rada: izvorni naučni članak
DOI: 10.5937/POLJTEH2004029O
primljen: 02.10.2020.
revidiran: 15.10.2020.
prihvaćen: 26.10.2020.
objavljen u SCIndeksu: 29.12.2020.

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